Risk Factors of Anemia in Pregnant Women in Baktiraja Health Center Region, Humbang Hasundutan

Proceeding - Sari Mutiara Indonesia International Conference on Health

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Title Risk Factors of Anemia in Pregnant Women in Baktiraja Health Center Region, Humbang Hasundutan
 
Creator Purba, Edy Marjuang
Dewi, Eva Ratna
Jelita, Fitri
 
Description Indonesia Basic health research in 2017 states that maternal mortality rate  was still high (359 per 100,000 live births) and the main cause was bleeding due to anemia, (35.1%). Beside has  impact on maternal health, anemia also has a bad effect on babies, namely premature birth, low birth weigh, slow growth and low intelligence levels. The proportion of anemia in Baktiraja Public Health Center increased from 2015 (25.7%) to 2016 (29.3%). This study aims to determine risk factors  of anemia in pregnant women in the Baktiraja Health Center  region,  Humbang Hasundutan District in 2017. This was an observational analytic study with unmatched case control design. Population was all pregnant women  in region of Baktiraja health center . The total sample was 114 consisting of  57 cases and 57 controls. Cases were all pregnant women who ever had Hb level <11 g/dl during pregnancy while controls were pregnant women who had Hb  level ≥11 g/dl during pregnancy that taken with systematic random sampling. Data were analyzed by bivariate analysis through chi-square test and multivariate analysis through logistic regression. Bivariate analysis showed that education (p = 0.015, OR = 2.547, 95% CI = 1.423-3.458), knowledge(p = 0.002, OR = 3.578, 95% CI = 1.815-4.519), age (p = 0.007, OR = 3,292, 95% CI = 1.563-3.811), comsumption of iron tablet (p = 0.011, OR = 2.787, 95% CI = 1.543-3.622), antenatal visit (p = 0.001, OR = 3.818, 95% CI = 1.96-4.875) were significantly associated with  anemia. Parity, income status, and distance of pregnancy did not associate with anemia (p≥0,05). Multivariate analysis showed that antenatal visit had most significantly association with anemia (p = 0.018, OR = 2.117, 95% CI = 1.545-3.839). Irregular antenatal visit was the strongest risk factor of anemia during pregnancy period. It wa suggested to Baktiraja health center  to increase knowledge and awareness of pregnant women about prevention of  anemia  and also the importance regular antenatal visit for monitoring Hb level every trimester. It was also suggested to Baktiraja Health Center staff  to control comsumption of iron tablet  so that pregnant women who do not consume iron tablets regularly can be warned quickly.
 
Publisher Sari Mutiara Indonesia University Press
 
Date 2019-04-18
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://prociding.sari-mutiara.ac.id/index.php/samicoh/article/view/38
 
Source Proceeding - Sari Mutiara Indonesia International Conference on Health; Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Sari Mutiara Indonesia International Conference on Health; 270-281
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://prociding.sari-mutiara.ac.id/index.php/samicoh/article/view/38/35
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Proceeding - Sari Mutiara Indonesia International Conference on Health
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
 

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