Hubungan merokok dengan gangguan pendengaran akibat bising pada pekerja pabrik kelapa sawit X

Oto Rhino Laryngologica Indonesiana

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Title Hubungan merokok dengan gangguan pendengaran akibat bising pada pekerja pabrik kelapa sawit X
 
Creator Sari, Maesyara Adinda
Adnan, Adlin
Munir, Delfitri
Eyanoer, Putri Chairani
 
Subject Cigarette smoking; hearing loss; noise induced hearing loss; occupational noise exposure
 
Description Latar belakang: Paparan bising dapat mengakibatkan kerusakan pada organ korti, dan menurunkan aliran darah koklea yang mengakibatkan hipoksia koklea. Merokok diketahui sebagai ototoksik langsung dan pemicu iskemia koklea. Kebiasaan merokok dan paparan bising secara sendiri ataupun secara bersama-sama dapat menyebabkan gangguan pendengaran. Tujuan: Mengetahui hubungan merokok terhadap kejadian gangguan pendengaran akibat bising (GPAB). Metode: Penelitian analitik dengan pendekatan potong lintang. Hasil: Dari 122 pekerja, didapati sebanyak 89,3% pekerja mengalami GPAB. Tuli ringan paling banyak ditemukan (68,8%). Didapatkan adanya hubungan yang signifikan antara tipe perokok dengan derajat beratnya GPAB (p=0,000). Kemungkinan pekerja yg merokok untuk mengalami GPAB 1,224 kali lebih besar dibandingkan dengan pekerja yang tidak merokok (PR=1,224, p=0,002, CI 95%=1,077–1,392). Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara kebiasaan merokok dengan kejadian GPAB.Kata kunci: Merokok, gangguan pendengaran, gangguan pendengaran akibat bising, bising lingkungan kerja ABSTRACT Introduction: Noise exposure can lead to the organ of corti damage, and decrease the blood flow to the cochlea resulting in cochlear hypoxia. Cigarette smoking could be ototoxic to cochlea, and could evoke cochlear ischemia. Cigarette smoking habit and noise exposure, each or together can cause hearing loss. Objective: To identify the correlation between cigarette smoking and noise induced hearing loss (NIHL). Method: Analytic with a cross-sectional study. Results: From the 122 workers, we found that the proportion of NIHL was 89.3%. Mild deafness was most common (68.8%). We found that there was a significant correlation between type of smokers and grade of hearing loss (p=0.000). Workers who smoked likely to undergo NIHL 1.224 times greater than nonsmokers (PR=1.224, p=0.002, CI 95%=1.077–1.392). Conclusion: There was a significant correlation between cigarette smoking habit and noise induced hearing loss.Keywords : Cigarette smoking, hearing loss, noise induced hearing loss, occupational noise exposure
 
Publisher PERHATI-KL
 
Contributor
 
Date 2018-01-07
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://orli.or.id/index.php/orli/article/view/218
10.32637/orli.v47i2.218
 
Source Oto Rhino Laryngologica Indonesiana; Vol 47, No 2 (2017): Volume 47, No. 2 July - December 2017; 95-101
2598-3970
0216-3667
10.32637/orli.v47i2
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://orli.or.id/index.php/orli/article/view/218/161
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2018 Oto Rhino Laryngologica Indonesiana
 

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