Germplasm Diversity of Banana (Musa sp) in Bangka Island Based on Morphological Character

AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian

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Title Germplasm Diversity of Banana (Musa sp) in Bangka Island Based on Morphological Character
Keragaman Plasma Nutfah Pisang (Musa sp) di Pulau Bangka Berdasarkan Karakter Morfologi
 
Creator Lesta, Lesta
Mustikarini, Eries Dyah
Prayoga, Gigih Ibnu
 
Description Banana (Musa sp) is a plant that has good nutrion, mineral, vitamin A, B complex, vitamin C, and vitamin B6. Germplasm diversity of local banana in Bangka has never been identified. Research about germplasm diversity of banana in Bangka Island need to maintain germplasm of Bangka local banana. This research was conducted in Bangka Island. Characterization of banana fruit germplasm includes on qualitative and quantitative traits. Analysis of morphological relationship of banana fruit germplasm used UPGMA. Exploration result obtained 22 germplasms of Bangka local banana. The result of relationship analysis showed four clusters at 0,40 (40%) coefficient. Cluster one consists of Udang germplasm. Cluster two consists of Jernang and Rotan germplasm. Cluster three consists of Wei, Kapal and Abu germplasm. Cluster four consists of Madu Manis, Madu Keling, Gambur, Jambi, 40 Hari, Bawang, Geda, Tematu, Serindit, Masak Ijau, Rejang, Madu Pulau, Kecit Lantai, Susu, Gede and Lilin germplasm. Bangka local banana have wide variability in almost morphological character observed.
Pisang (Musa sp) merupakan tanaman yang mempunyai kandungan gizi sangat baik, kaya akan mineral dan mengandung vitamin A, B kompleks, C dan B6. Plasma nutfah pisang di Bangka saat ini belum diketahui. Penelitian tentang keragaman plasma nutfah pisang di Pulau Bangka perlu dilakukan untuk mempertahankan plasma nutfah lokal Bangka. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Pulau Bangka. Karakterisasi plasma nutfah pisang meliputi karakter kualitatif dan karakter kuantitatif. Analisis kekerabatan antar genotipe plasma nutfah pisang di Pulau Bangka berdasarkan metode UPGMA. Hasil eksplorasi dan karakterisasi plasma nutfah pisang di Pulau Bangka terdapat 22 plasma nutfah. Hasil analisis hubungan kekerabatan terdapat empat klaster pada koefeisien 0,40 (40%). Klaster satu terdiri dari plasma nutfah Udang. Klaster dua terdiri dari plasma nutfah Jernang dan Rotan. Klaster tiga terdiri dari plasma nutfah Wei, Kapal, dan Abu. Klaster empat terdiri dari plasma nutfah Madu Manis, Madu Keling, Gembur, Jambi, 40 Hari, Bawang, Geda, Tematu, Serindit, Masak Ijau, Rejang, Madu Pulau, Kecit Lantai, Susu, Gede dan Lilin. Variabilitas karakter kuantitatif relatif luas.
 
Publisher Universitas Bangka Belitung
 
Date 2018-06-28
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://agrosainstek.ubb.ac.id/index.php/agrosainstek/article/view/16
10.33019/agrosainstek.v2i1.16
 
Source AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; Vol 2 No 1 (2018): AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; 22-30
AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; Vol 2 No 1 (2018): AGROSAINSTEK: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian; 22-30
2579-843X
2615-2207
10.33019/agrosainstek.v2i1
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://agrosainstek.ubb.ac.id/index.php/agrosainstek/article/view/16/14
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2018 Lesta Lesta, Eries Dyah Mustikarini, Gigih Ibnu Prayoga
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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