The Nature of the Virtuous Soul in al-Ghazali and Hamka


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Title The Nature of the Virtuous Soul in al-Ghazali and Hamka
Creator Moris, Megawati Bt; International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM)
Setiawan, Muhammad Nurrosyid Huda; Islamic Center Silagar (ICS) Darul Amiin
Subject Hamka, al-Ghazali, Virtuous Soul, Healthy Soul, Ummaha>t al-Fad}a>il.
Description This paper elaborates view of al-Ghazali and Hamka on the healthy soul in ‎tasawwuf. Both have an interest correlation in understanding healthy soul with different ‎ways of explanation. Hamka affirmed that healthy soul should be maintained by four ‎qualities; syaja>’ah, ‘iffah, h}ikmah, and ‘ada>lah. In fact, these four qualities are known as ‎ummaha>t al-fad}a>il or the mother of virtuous in the book of al-Ghazali. Al-Ghazali’s way in ‎explaining the meaning of ummaha>t al-fad}a>il,  however, is different with Hamka, making this ‎issue is important to be discussed. This research is done using descriptive analysis method ‎to elaborate both al-Ghazali and Hamka’s idea on healthy soul, before finally compared ‎in order to gain multiple results based on their different perspectives on this issue. ‎Researcher finds afterwards that Hamka was much influenced by al-Ghazali’s thought, but ‎attractively, Hamka succeeded to contextualize thea meaning of healthy soul in accordance ‎with al-Ghazali’s thought into Indonesian context in a more simple way to be understood ‎by all people, especially in the land of archipelago.‎
Publisher Universitas Darussalam Gontor
Date 2019-03-01
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article

Format application/pdf
Source Kalimah: Jurnal Studi Agama dan Pemikiran Islam; Vol 17, No 1 (2019); 133-149
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 KALIMAH

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