An interdisciplinary model for macroeconomics

Revista de Economía Institucional

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Title An interdisciplinary model for macroeconomics
Un modelo interdisciplinario para la macroeconomía
Um modelo interdisciplinar para a macroeconomia
 
Creator G. Haldane, Andrew
E. Turrell, Arthur
 
Subject Macroeconomics, modelling, agent-based model
macroeconomía, modelación, modelo basado en agentes
macroeconomia, modelagem, modelo baseado em agentes
 
Description Macroeconomic modelling has been under intense scrutiny since the Great Financial Crisis, when serious shortcomings were exposed in the methodology used to understand the economy as a whole. Criticism has been levelled at the assumptions employed in the dominant models, particularly that economic agents are homogeneous and optimising and that the economy is equilibrating. This paper seeks to explore an interdisciplinary approach to macroeconomic modelling, with techniques drawn from other (natural and social) sciences. Specifically, it discusses agent-based modelling, which is used across a wide range of disciplines, as an example of such a technique. Agent-based models are complementary to existing approaches and are suited to answering macroeconomic questions where complexity, heterogeneity, networks, and heuristics play an important role.
La modelación macroeconómica está bajo intenso escrutinio desde la gran crisis financiera, que dejó al descubierto los graves defectos de la metodología utilizada para entender la economía en su conjunto. Se critican los supuestos empleados en los modelos dominantes, en particular que los agentes económicos son homogéneos y optimizadores y que la economía se equilibra. Este escrito explora un enfoque interdisciplinario de modelación macroeconómica con técnicas tomadas de otras ciencias, y examina la modelación basada en agentes como ejemplo de esas técnicas. Los modelos basados en agentes complementan los enfoques existentes y son adecuados para responder preguntas macroeconómicas donde la complejidad, la heterogeneidad, las redes y las heurísticas cumplen un papel importante.
A modelagem macroeconômica está sob intensa análise desde a grande crise financeira, que expôs as graves falhas da metodologia utilizada para entender a economia como um todo. As premissas utilizadas nos modelos dominantes são criticadas, em particular, que os agentes econômicos são homogêneos e otimizadores, e que a economia é equilibrada. Este artigo explora uma abordagem interdisciplinar da modelagem macroeconômica com técnicas emprestadas de outras ciências e examina a modelagem baseada em agentes como um exemplo dessas técnicas. Os modelos baseados em agentes complementam as abordagens existentes e são adequados para responder a questões macroeconômicas em que complexidade, heterogeneidade, redes e heurísticas desempenham um papel importante.
 
Publisher Universidad Externado de Colombia
 
Date 2018-12-03
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
application/xml
text/html
 
Identifier https://revistas.uexternado.edu.co/index.php/ecoins/article/view/5720
10.18601/01245996.v21n40.03
 
Source Revista de Economía Institucional; Vol. 21 Núm. 40 (2019): Enero-Junio; 69-110
Revista de Economía Institucional; Vol 21 No 40 (2019): Enero-Junio; 69-110
Revista de Economía Institucional; v. 21 n. 40 (2019): Enero-Junio; 69-110
2346-2450
0124-5996
 
Language spa
 
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