Abundance and diveristy of predatory fish in the Floodplain Lakes of the Central Amazonia

Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal - RECIA

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Title Abundance and diveristy of predatory fish in the Floodplain Lakes of the Central Amazonia
Abundancia y diversidad de peces predadores en lagos de Várzea de la Amazonia Central.
 
Creator MACEDO, MARIA GLAUCINEY
SIQUEIRA-SOUZA, FLÁVIA KELLY
CARVALHO FREITAS, CARLOS EDWAR
 
Subject Fish
Amazonian floodplains
Predation
Hydrological cycle.
Peces
Várzeas Amazónicas
Depredación
Ciclo Hidrológico.
 
Description    The fish diversity in Amazonian floodplain lakes is influenced by the high spatial heterogeneity and by interconnectedness between these lakes and the river channel, regulated by the hydrological cycle. Predation has proved to be a key factor in structuring the fish assemblages of the Neotropics. This study estimated the diversity and abundance of predator fish species in the floodplain lakes of the middle Solimões river, Central Amazon. Samples were did in August and May 2011, corresponding to the flooding and receding seasons respectively. The samples were did in three floodplain lakes: Padre (S03°19’66,1/ W59°93’14,8), Camaleão (S 03°66’43,23; W60°90’98,16) and Cacauzinho (S 03°66’86,14; W 60°87’11,98). Were employed monofilament gillnets attached in open water and flooded forest, which remain placed by 48 hours. Were caught 1813 predator fishes belonging 26 species, 11 families and 5 orders. Characiformes was the more abundant order, with the greatest number belonging to Characidae family. Pygocentrus nattereri (963 individuals) and Serrasalmus rhombeus (301 individuals) were the most abundant species. The dominance, equitability and diversity estimates to showed no differences between hydrological season and habitat type. Only richness was different between rising and receding waters seasons
La diversidad de peces en los lagos de várzea de la Amazonia es favorecida por la alta heterogeneidad espacial y por la interconectividad entre estos lagos y el canal principal del rio, regulada por el ciclo hidrológico. La depredación se tiene como un factor determinante en la estructuración de las asambleas de peces de la región neotropical. El objetivo de esta investigación fue estimar la abundancia y diversidad de peces predadores que habitan lagos de várzea en la región del medio río Solimoes, Amazonia Central de Brasil. Las colectas fueron realizadas en los meses de mayo y agosto de 2011, correspondientes a ños períodos hidrológicos de llenado y vaciado, en tres lagos de várzea en río Solimoes: lago Padre (S03°19’66,1/W59°93’14,8), Camaleão (S 03°66’43,23; W60°90’98,16) y lago Cacauzinho (S 03°66’86,14; W60°87’11,98). Para La captura se utilizaron redes agalladeras, dispuestas en las áreas de agua abierta y bosque inundado. El tiempo de muestreo fue de 48 horas en cada lago. Se colectaron 1.813 especímenes de peces predadores, distribuidos en 26 especies, 11 familias y 5 órdenes. Characiformes fue el orden más abundante con un número mayor de representantes en la familia Characidae. Las especies más abundantes fueron Pygocentrus nattereri (963 individuos) y Serrasalmus rhombeus (301 individuos). Las estimativas de diversidad, equitatividad y dominancia presentaron baja variación entre los períodos hidrológicos y hábitats. Apenas la riqueza de especies fue diferente entre las fases de llenado y vaciado de l ciclo hidrológico.
 
Publisher Universidad de Sucre
 
Date 2015-01-11
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://revistas.unisucre.edu.co/index.php/recia/article/view/422
10.24188/recia.v7.n1.2015.422
 
Source Animal Science Colombian Journal - RECIA; Vol 7 No 1 (2015): RECIA 7(1):ENERO-JUNIO; 50-57
Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal - RECIA; Vol. 7 Núm. 1 (2015): RECIA 7(1):ENERO-JUNIO; 50-57
Colombian Journal of Animal Science; v. 7 n. 1 (2015): RECIA 7(1):ENERO-JUNIO; 50-57
2027-4297
 
Language spa
 
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https://revistas.unisucre.edu.co/index.php/recia/article/view/422/467
 
Rights https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
 

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