THE ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH NATIVE SPEAKER AND ESL TEXTS USING FARS APPROACH

Getsempena English Education Journal

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Field Value
 
Title THE ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH NATIVE SPEAKER AND ESL TEXTS USING FARS APPROACH
 
Creator Mulyani, Mulyani; STKIP Bina Bangsa Getsempena
 
Description This research was a comparison of ESL’s and native speaker (NS)’s texts in achieving a coherent text. This study aims at investigating the frequency or the number of occurrence of relations, hierarchical structures, and functional relations; paratactic and hypotactic and also to find out the recursiveness occurrences within schema constructed as well as the explicitness of signalling from the two texts analyzed. Both texts were scrutinized based on FARS approach. Each of the texts was segmented into several segments, categorized based on FARS relations and determined in terms of functional relations. The findings indicate that the ESL learner’s text was the hypotactic relation which tends to dominantly use cohesive devices or conjunctions within the text in order to elicit a coherent text. On the other hand, there is an equal number of paratactic and hypotactic relation in NS’s text as it shows the dominant use of elaborative relation in the text. Referring to recursiveness occurrence, text 1 (NS) has three highest occurrences of recursiveness; Elaboration Amplification, Framing and Elaboration Extension, while text 2 (ESL) has two occurrences; Elaboration Amplification and Framing. Then, in text 1, it is implicitly comprehended that the writers apply implicit signalling beyond the clauses indicated by the low occurrence of conjunctions which shows higher English proficiency of the writers. However,  text 2 does not employ any implicit signalling identified by higher number of conjunctions employment beyond the clauses. All of these features found in the texts are possibly linked to the linguistic, type of texts and cultural backgrounds of the writers. Keywords: ESL, NS, Paratactic, Hypotactic, FARS Approach, Recursiveness.
 
Publisher STKIP Bina Bangsa Getsempena Banda Aceh
 
Contributor STKIP BBG Banda Aceh
 
Date 2017-11-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://geej.stkipgetsempena.ac.id/home/article/view/76
 
Source Getsempena English Education Journal; Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
2502-6801
2355-004X
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://geej.stkipgetsempena.ac.id/home/article/view/76/68
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2017 Getsempena English Education Journal
 

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