DETECTION OF NON-INFLUENZA VIRUSES IN ACUTE RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS IN CHILDREN UNDER FIVE-YEAR-OLD IN COTE D’IVOIRE (JANUARY – DECEMBER 2013)

African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID)

View Publication Info
 
 
Field Value
 
Title DETECTION OF NON-INFLUENZA VIRUSES IN ACUTE RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS IN CHILDREN UNDER FIVE-YEAR-OLD IN COTE D’IVOIRE (JANUARY – DECEMBER 2013)
 
Creator Kadjo, Herve A.
Adjogoua, Edgard
Dia, Ndongo
Adagba, Marius
Abdoulaye, Ouattara
Daniel, Saraka
Kouakou, Bertin
Ngolo, David C.
Coulibaly, Daouda
Ndahwouh, Talla Nzussouo
Dosso, Mireille
 
Subject Traditional Medicine, Medicinal Plants
Detection; Non influenza viruses; Acute respiratory infections; Children.
 
Description Background: Influenza sentinel surveillance in Cote d’Ivoire showed that 70% of Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI)
cases remained without etiology. This work aims to describe the epidemiological, clinical, and virological pattern of
ARI that tested negative for influenza virus, in children under five years old.
Materials and Methods: one thousand and fifty nine samples of patients presenting influenza Like Illness (ILI) or
Severe Acute Respiratory Infections (SARI) symptoms were tested for other respiratory viruses using multiplex RTPCR
assays targeting 10 respiratory viruses.
Results: The following pathogens were detected as follows, hRV 31,92% (98/307), hRSV 24.4% (75/329), PIV 20.5%
(63/307), HCoV 229E 12,05% (37/307), hMPV 6.2% (19/307), HCoVOC43 1.0% (3/307) and EnV 1.0% (3/307).
Among the 1,059 specimens analyzed, 917 (86.6%) were ILI samples and 142 (23.4%) were SARI samples. The
proportion of children infected with at least one virus was 29.8% (273/917) in ILI cases and 23.9% (34/142) in SARI
cases. The most prevalent viruses, responsible for ILI cases were hRV with 35.89% (98/273) and hRSV in SARI cases
with 41.2% (14/34) of cases. Among the 1,059 patients, only 22 (2.1%) children presented risk factors related to the
severity of influenza virus infection.
Conclusion: This study showed that respiratory viruses play an important role in the etiology of ARI in children. For a
better understanding of the epidemiology of ARI and improved case management, it would be interesting in this
context to expand the surveillance of influenza to other respiratory viruses.
 
Publisher African Traditional Medicine Supporters Initiative (ATHMSI), 7, Road 1, Otunmaiye Square
 
Contributor personnel of influenza sentinel network for sending specimens of suspected influenza cases. We would like to thank the Pasteur Institute of Cote d’Ivoire and National Institute of Public Hygien personnels
Gbahouo Jeannie, Koffi Melissa, Konan Yannick and
 
Date 2018-06-18
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/AJID/article/view/5119
10.21010/Ajid.v12i2.13
 
Source African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID); Vol 12, No 2 (2018); 78-88
2505-0419
2006-0165
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/AJID/article/view/5119/3150
 
Coverage Africa


 
Rights Copyright (c) 2018 African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID)
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

Contact Us

The PKP Index is an initiative of the Public Knowledge Project.

For PKP Publishing Services please use the PKP|PS contact form.

For support with PKP software we encourage users to consult our wiki for documentation and search our support forums.

For any other correspondence feel free to contact us using the PKP contact form.

Find Us

Twitter

Copyright © 2015-2018 Simon Fraser University Library