Gambaran Kondisi Masyarakat pada Masa Surveilans Pasca-Transmission Assesment Survey (TAS)-2 Menuju Eliminasi Filariasis di Kabupaten Bangka Barat

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

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Title Gambaran Kondisi Masyarakat pada Masa Surveilans Pasca-Transmission Assesment Survey (TAS)-2 Menuju Eliminasi Filariasis di Kabupaten Bangka Barat
 
Creator suryaningtyas, nungki hapsari
arisanti, maya
Satriani, Ade Verientic
inzana, nur
santoso, santoso
suhardi, suhardi
 
Subject microfilariae, knowledge, attitude, practise, environment, West Bangka
 
Description Abstract Filariasis elimination program is a national priority with the main agenda conducting mass drug administration (MDA). West Bangka Regency is one of the districts that have implemented filariasis elimination program and has entered a stage stop MDA filariasis surveillance period. This study aims to describe the condition of the community during the post-TAS-2 surveillance in four villages in West Bangka Regency based on blood tests, knowledge, attitudes, behavior and society on filariasis based on blood tests, knowledge, attitudes, behavior, environment of filariasis. Data collected through interviews and examination of venous blood filtration to 150 people in four selected villages. Blood filtration test results obtained three positive respondents Brugia malayi microfilariae species and density of each patient amounted to 116 mf / ml, 245 mf / ml and 112 mf / ml. Respondents' knowledge about the symptoms, modes of transmission, consequences and ways of preventing filariasis is still very low. The attitude of the respondents towards the prevention and eradication of filariasis in good categories. Treatment history most respondents ever get preventive treatment of filariasis, but only 2 percent ever taking medications to prevent filariasis five times. Behavior of respondents to safeguard oneself against mosquito bites by using mosquito nets have been conducted (73.3%) and mosquito (65.3%). Most respondents in the habit of going out at night (78.7%). Found swamp (23.3%) and reservoir host (cats) by 40.7 percent of respondents around the house. The presence of positive filariasis indicates the presence of filariasis. PSP of filariasis-related community still needs to be improved as prevention of filariasis. The presence of swamps can be carried out where potential filariasis vector vanishes. Cats as reservoirs found around the home can be a source of transmission of filariasis. Keywords : microfilariae, knowledge, attitude, practise, environment, West Bangka Abstrak Program eliminasi filariasis merupakan salah satu prioritas nasional dengan agenda utama melaksanakan kegiatan pemberian obat pencegahan secara masal (POPM) filariasis. Kabupaten Bangka Barat adalah salah satu kabupaten yang telah melaksanakan program eliminasi filariasis dan telah memasuki tahap surveilans periode stop POPM filariasis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran kondisi masyarakat pada masa surveilans pasca TAS-2 di empat desa di Kabupaten Bangka Barat berdasarkan pemeriksaan darah, pengetahuan, sikap, perilaku dan lingkungan masyarakat tentang filariasis. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara dan pemeriksaan filtrasi darah vena terhadap 150 orang yang berada di empat desa terpilih. Hasil pemeriksaan filtrasi darah didapatkan tiga responden positif mikrofilaria dengan spesies Brugia malayi dan kepadatan masing-masing penderita sebesar 116 mf/ml, 245 mf/ml dan 112 mf/ml. Pengetahuan responden mengenai gejala, cara penularan, akibat yang ditimbulkan dan cara pencegahan filariasis masih sangat rendah. Sikap responden terhadap upaya pencegahan dan pemberantasan filariasis dalam kategori baik. Riwayat pengobatan sebagian besar responden pernah mendapatkan pengobatan pencegahan filariasis, akan tetapi hanya 2 persen yang pernah minum obat pencegahan filariasis sebanyak lima kali. Perilaku responden terhadap upaya perlindungan diri terhadap gigitan nyamuk telah dilakukan dengan menggunakan kelambu (73,3%) dan antinyamuk (65,3%). Sebagian besar responden mempunyai kebiasaan keluar rumah pada malam hari (78,7%). Ditemukan rawa (23,3%) dan hewan reservoir (kucing) sebesar 40,7 persen di sekitar rumah responden. Masih ditemukannya penderita positif filariasis mengindikasikan adanya penularan filariasis. PSP masyarakat terkait filariasis masih perlu ditingkatkan sebagai upaya preventif terhadap filariasis. Adanya keberadaan rawa dapat menjadikan tempat potensial perindukan vektor filariasis. Kucing sebagai reservoir yang ditemukan disekitar rumah dapat menjadi sumber penularan filariasis. Kata kunci: mikrofilaria, pengetahuan, sikap, perilaku, lingkungan, Bangka Barat
 
Publisher Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
 
Contributor
 
Date 2018-03-31
 
Type
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/7454
10.22435/bpk.v46i1.7454.35-44
 
Source Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan; Vol 46, No 1 (2018); 35-44
 
Language id
 
Relation http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/7454/17957
http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/7454/17983
http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/7454/17984
 
Rights The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development) as publisher of the journal.Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development).Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development), the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal.
 

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