Combination of Curcuma (Curcuma xanthorriza Roxb) Rhizome Ethanolic Extract and Awar-Awar (Ficus septica Burm.F) Leaves Ethanolic Extract Increases Cisplatin Cytotoxicity on T47D Breast Cancer Cells through Cell Cycle Modulation

Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention

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Title Combination of Curcuma (Curcuma xanthorriza Roxb) Rhizome Ethanolic Extract and Awar-Awar (Ficus septica Burm.F) Leaves Ethanolic Extract Increases Cisplatin Cytotoxicity on T47D Breast Cancer Cells through Cell Cycle Modulation
 
Creator Hidayati, Devi Nisa
Jenie, Riris Istighfari
Meiyanto, Edy
 
Description Curcuma (Curcuma xanthorriza Roxb.) and Awar-awar ((Ficus septica Burm.f.) are well known to have anticancer potential especially for breast cancer with low toxicity. This study aims to examine the potential effect of the combination of Curcuma ethanolic extracts (CEE) and awar-awar leaves ethanolic extract (AEE) to increase the efficacy of cisplatin toward T47D breast cancer cells. The combination activity was done using 3 series of concentration, 1/3; 1/6 and 1/12 of IC50, to determine the combination index (CI) of cisplatin, CEE and AEE under MTT assay. The result showed that the combination of 2.5 µM, 5 µg/ml, 1 µg/ml concentrations of  cisplatin, CEE and AEE respectively result in synergistic effect with CI values less than 1. The treatment exhibited the cell accumulation in S phase (27.7%) against T47D breast cancer cells confirmed through cell cycle examination by flow cytometry. These results provided the evidence that the CEE and the AEE can be developed as co-chemotherapeutic agents combined with cisplatin to improve the effectiveness of breast cancer treatment.Keywords : Curcuma xanthorriza Roxb., Ficus septica Burm.f., cisplatin, cell cycle
 
Publisher Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention
 
Contributor
 
Date 2018-02-05
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://ijcc.chemoprev.org/index.php/ijcc/article/view/186
10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev8iss3pp120-125
 
Source Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention; Vol 8, No 3 (2017); 120-125
2355-8989
2088-0197
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://ijcc.chemoprev.org/index.php/ijcc/article/view/186/149
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2018 Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention
 

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