Knowledge and attitudes about periodontal disease in medicine students of the University of the Pacific, Paraguay

Revista Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud UDES

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Title Knowledge and attitudes about periodontal disease in medicine students of the University of the Pacific, Paraguay
Conocimientos y actitudes sobre enfermedad periodontal en estudiantes de Medicina de la Universidad del Pacífico, Paraguay
 
Creator Díaz Reissner, Clarisse Virginia
Ferreira Gaona, Marta Inés
Pérez Bejarano, Nohelia María
Agüero-Torres, Micaela Alejandra
Bogado-Castillo, María Verónica
Cabañas-Cheblis, Cielito María
Lombardo-Almirón, María Eugenia
Ozuna-Duarte, Romina
Princigalli-Fretes, Kimberly Antonella
Cueto-González, Natalia Cristina
Urquhart-Barreto, David Alessandro
 
Subject Periodontal disease; knowledge; student medicine; Paraguay
Periodontitis; conocimientos; estudiantes de medicina; Paraguay
 
Description Introduction: Periodontal disease (PD) triggers loss of dental support. Knowledge is essential to develop proper planning and control of care. The doctor must know aspects of the pathology and refer the patient to the dentist. Objective: To evaluate knowledge and attitudes about PD in medical students enrolled in the Universidad del Pacífico (Asunción campus), Paraguay-20I5. Methodology: It was a descriptive study with a survey on knowledge and attitudes towards PD and oral hygiene habits. Aspects such as responsible factor, indicative sign, effective measure of prevention and control and relationship with diabetes and smoking, were evaluated. Results: 133 students participated in the study; 68.5% under 20 years old. 97.2% recognized the microbial plaque as a causative factor, 80.27% recognized brushing as an effective measure of control and 60.6% as a pathognomonic sign for gingival bleeding. 60.6% mentioned a relationship with diabetes and 92.4% with smoking. 93.6% mentioned the social affectation due to the disease and 85.53% saw the relevance of the pathology in health. As for the attitude; 88.71% recognized the need for doctor's participation in prevention and 97.4% who must know the problem, although only 80.9% agreed with the oral examination by the doctor. Conclusion: A good level of knowledge was observed in the study population. The attitudes were adequate, but it is recommended to encourage the practice of preventive actions, starting with an examination, from the degree with the purpose of promoting a co-responsibility in the prevention of oral pathologies in conjunction with the dentist.
Introducción: La enfermedad periodontal (EP) desencadena pérdida de soporte dentario. El conocimiento es indispensable para desarrollar una correcta planificación y control de la atención. El médico debe conocer aspectos de la patologia y remitir al paciente al odontólogo. Objetivo: Evaluar conocimientos y actitudes sobre EP en estudiantes de Medicina matriculados en la Universidad del Pacífico (sede Asunción), Paraguay-20I5. Metodología: Estudio descriptivo con encuesta sobre conocimientos y actitudes ante EP y hábitos de higiene bucal. Se evaluaron aspectos como: factor responsable, signo indicativo, medida efectiva de prevención y control y relación con diabetes y tabaquismo. Resultados: Participaron del estudio 133 estudiantes; 68,5% menores de 20 años. El 97,2% reconoció la placa microbiana como factor causal, 80,3% al cepillado como medida efectiva de control y 60,6% al sangrado gingival como signo patognomónico. El 60,6% mencionó relación con diabetes y 92,4% con tabaquismo. El 93,6% mencionó la afectación social por causa de la enfermedad y 85,5% vio la relevancia de la patología en la salud. En cuanto a la actitud; 88,7% reconoció la necesidad de participación del médico en la prevención y 97,4% que debe conocer el problema, aunque sólo 80,9% concordó con el examen bucal por parte del médico. Conclusión: En la población de estudio se observó un buen nivel de conocimiento. Las actitudes resultaron adecuadas, pero se recomienda incentivar la práctica de acciones preventivas, iniciando con un examen, desde el grado con la finalidad de promover una corresponsabilidad en la prevención de patologías bucales en conjunción con el odontólogo.
 
Publisher Universidad de Santander (UDES)
 
Contributor

 
Date 2017-06-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Original Article

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://journalhealthsciences.com/index.php/UDES/article/view/110
10.20320/rfcsudes.v4i2.202
 
Source Revista Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud UDES; Vol. 4, Núm. 2 (2017); 74-78
Revista Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud UDES; Vol. 4, Núm. 2 (2017); 74-78
2422-1074
2422-1074
 
Language spa
 
Relation https://journalhealthsciences.com/index.php/UDES/article/view/110/pdf
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