Alexander von Humboldt und die transnationale Wissenschaftskommunikation im 19. Jahrhundert

HiN - Alexander von Humboldt in the Net. International Review for Humboldt Studies

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Title Alexander von Humboldt und die transnationale Wissenschaftskommunikation im 19. Jahrhundert
 
Creator Päßler, Ulrich
 
Description AbstractAlexander von Humboldt and 19th Century Transnational Scientific CommunicationAlexander von Humboldt has been labelled a “scientific cosmopolitan”. Through his vast correspondence and a network of personal contacts, he upheld a form of scientific exchange that was characteristic of the eighteenth-century “republic of letters”.This article examines how Humboldt adapted this cosmopolitan tradition of communication to a nineteenth century scientific culture that was largely institutionalized and was becoming increasingly nationalized. Humboldt quite successfully fostered scientific exchange between Berlin and Paris after 1830 and, on various occasions between the 1830s and 1850s, readily advocated international large-scale projects. These examples demonstrate that Humboldt observed the development of nationally defined scientific cultures and the opening of the sciences towards the public realm. Moreover, they indicate how he was able to make use of these developments as he promoted the sciences in Prussia. In scientific controversies within the Parisian scientific community, Humboldt was involuntarily assigned the role of a “neutral” foreign arbitrator. Thus, the development of nineteenth century sciences also jeopardized Humboldt’s unique position as an independent “homme des lettres”.
RésuméAlexandre de Humboldt et la communication scientifique transnationale au XIXe siècleAlexandre de Humboldt fut surnommé le „cosmopolite scientifique“. Au travers de sa correspondance et d’un réseau de relations personnelles, il a maintenu des échanges scientifiques, caractéristiques de la république des lettres du XVIIIe siècle.L’article analyse comment Humboldt adapta cette pratique cosmopolite de la communication à la culture scientifique du XIXe siècle. Dès 1830 Humboldt fut au centre de l’échange scientifique existant entre les centres scientifiques de Berlin et Paris. En outre, de 1830 à 1850, il encouragea les projets scientifiques internationaux. Ces exemples démontrent que Humboldt observait l’évolution de milieux scientifiques particuliers dans des cadres nationaux ainsi que l’ouverture progressive des sciences au public. En plus, ils indiquent qu’il exploitait ces développements quand il promouvait les sciences en Prusse. Lors des controverses au sein de la communauté scientifique parisienne, les savants français assignèrent à Humboldt, et ce malgré-lui, le rôle d’expert étranger«neutre». Ainsi, le développement des sciences au XIXe siècle a finalement compromis sa position d’homme de lettres indépendant.
RésuméAlexandre de Humboldt et la communication scientifique transnationale au XIXe siècleAlexandre de Humboldt fut surnommé le „cosmopolite scientifique“. Au travers de sa correspondance et d’un réseau de relations personnelles, il a maintenu des échanges scientifiques, caractéristiques de la république des lettres du XVIIIe siècle.L’article analyse comment Humboldt adapta cette pratique cosmopolite de la communication à la culture scientifique du XIXe siècle. Dès 1830 Humboldt fut au centre de l’échange scientifique existant entre les centres scientifiques de Berlin et Paris. En outre, de 1830 à 1850, il encouragea les projets scientifiques internationaux. Ces exemples démontrent que Humboldt observait l’évolution de milieux scientifiques particuliers dans des cadres nationaux ainsi que l’ouverture progressive des sciences au public. En plus, ils indiquent qu’il exploitait ces développements quand il promouvait les sciences en Prusse. Lors des controverses au sein de la communauté scientifique parisienne, les savants français assignèrent à Humboldt, et ce malgré-lui, le rôle d’expert étranger«neutre». Ainsi, le développement des sciences au XIXe siècle a finalement compromis sa position d’homme de lettres indépendant.
AbstractAlexander von Humboldt and 19th Century Transnational Scientific CommunicationAlexander von Humboldt has been labelled a “scientific cosmopolitan”. Through his vast correspondence and a network of personal contacts, he upheld a form of scientific exchange that was characteristic of the eighteenth-century “republic of letters”.This article examines how Humboldt adapted this cosmopolitan tradition of communication to a nineteenth century scientific culture that was largely institutionalized and was becoming increasingly nationalized. Humboldt quite successfully fostered scientific exchange between Berlin and Paris after 1830 and, on various occasions between the 1830s and 1850s, readily advocated international large-scale projects. These examples demonstrate that Humboldt observed the development of nationally defined scientific cultures and the opening of the sciences towards the public realm. Moreover, they indicate how he was able to make use of these developments as he promoted the sciences in Prussia. In scientific controversies within the Parisian scientific community, Humboldt was involuntarily assigned the role of a “neutral” foreign arbitrator. Thus, the development of nineteenth century sciences also jeopardized Humboldt’s unique position as an independent “homme des lettres”.
 
Publisher HiN - Alexander von Humboldt im Netz. Internationale Zeitschrift für Humboldt-Studien
HiN - Alexander von Humboldt in the Net. International Review for Humboldt Studies
HiN – Alejandro de Humboldt en la Red. Revista internacional de estudios humboldtianos
HiN - Alexander von Humboldt sur la toile. Revue internationale d'études humboldtiennes
 
Date 2008-11-22
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion




 
Identifier http://www.hin-online.de/index.php/hin/article/view/115
10.18443/115
 
Source HiN - Alexander von Humboldt im Netz. Internationale Zeitschrift für Humboldt-Studien; Bd. 9, Nr. 17 (2008); 39-52
HiN - Alexander von Humboldt in the Net. International Review for Humboldt Studies; Bd. 9, Nr. 17 (2008); 39-52
HiN – Alejandro de Humboldt en la Red. Revista internacional de estudios humboldtianos; Bd. 9, Nr. 17 (2008); 39-52
HiN - Alexander von Humboldt sur la toile. Revue internationale d'études humboldtiennes; Bd. 9, Nr. 17 (2008); 39-52
1617-5239
10.18443/hinvol9iss172008
 
Language deu
 
Relation http://www.hin-online.de/index.php/hin/article/view/115/201
http://www.hin-online.de/index.php/hin/article/view/115/202
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2008 Ulrich Päßler
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
 

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