Situasi Terkini Daerah Fokus Keong Hospes Perantara di Daerah Endemis Schistosomiasis di Sulawesi Tengah

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

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Title Situasi Terkini Daerah Fokus Keong Hospes Perantara di Daerah Endemis Schistosomiasis di Sulawesi Tengah
 
Creator Widjaja, Junus; Balai Litbang P2B2 Donggala
Anastasis, Hayani; Balai Litbang P2B2 Donggala
Nurwidayati, Anis; Balai Litbang P2B2 Donggala
Nurjana, Made Agus; Balai Litbang P2B2 Donggala
mujiyanto, Mujiyanto; Balai Litbang P2B2 Donggala
Maksud, Malonda; Balai Litbang P2B2 Donggala
 
Subject Schistosomiasis, Fokus hospes perantara, Oncomelania hupensis lindoensis, Sulawesi Tengah.
 
Description AbstractSchistosomiasis is only found in three areas of Indonesia, namely, Napu, Lindu, and Bada highlands. Napu and Bada highlands are located in Poso District whereas Lindu highland is located in Sigi District. The presence of snails is as an indicator for determining the focus areas of intermediate host of the worm. The purpose of this study was to determine the distribution of snail focus areas of schistosomiasis in 2017 by conducting habitats and snail survey. The result showed that there were 242 foci areas of O.hupensis lindoensis in 21 villages covering a total of 1,407,225 m2 marshland area. This indicates that there is a slight reduction in the number of focus in 2017 compared to the previous year. In order to eliminate schistosomiasis in the endemic areas, a multi sectoral collaborations to modify the environment is very essential. Elimination can only be succesful if the snails and their intermediate host can be eliminated by environmental management, as to converse the snail habitats into more productive agricultural area. These data can be used as updated baseline data to eliminate the snail intermediate host. Moreover, the community involvement is needed to ensure the sustainability of the schistosomiasis control program.Key words: Schistosomiasis, snail focus area, Oncomelania hupensis lindoensis, Central SulawesiAbstrakSchistosomiasis di Indonesia hanya ditemukan di Dataran Tinggi Napu dan Dataran Tinggi Bada, Kabupaten Poso serta Dataran Tinggi Lindu, Kabupaten Sigi Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Keberadaan keong ini merupakan indikator penetapan daerah fokus hospes perantara cacing tersebut. Tujuan survei dengan desain potong lintang pada tahun 2017 ini adalah untuk mengetahui distribusi daerah fokus keong dan keongnya di daerah endemis.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ditemukan 242 daerah fokus keong O.hupensis lindoensis yang tersebar di 21 desa dengan luas daerah fokus schistosomiasis sebesar 1.407.225m2. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa ditemukan penurunan jumlah fokus keong jika dibandingkan jumlah fokus tahun sebelumnya. Untuk mencapai eliminasi schistosomiasis di daerah endemis kerjasama lintas sektor secara terintegrasi dalam modifikasi lingkungan sangatdiperlukan, dengan mengubah habitat keong menjadi lahan pertanian/perkebunan yang produktif Data yang dihasilkan dapat digunakan sebagai dasar dalam pengendalian keong perantara schistosomiasis. Partisipasi masyarakat sangat dibutuhkan untuk menjamin program pengendalian schistosomiasis bisa dilaksanakan secara berkesinambungan.Kata kunci: Schistosomiasis, fokus hospes perantara, Oncomelania hupensis lindoensis, Sulawesi Tengah.
 
Publisher Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
 
Contributor
 
Date 2017-12-30
 
Type
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/7570
10.22435/bpk.v45i4.7570.215-222
 
Source Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan; Vol 45, No 4 (2017); 215-222
 
Language en
 
Relation http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/7570/18295
http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/7570/18628
 
Rights The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development) as publisher of the journal.Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development).Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development), the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal.
 

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