Pemeriksaan Malaria Sebelum dan Sesudah Pemasangan Kelambu LLIN di Desa Sendangsari dan Desa Kalitapas, Kecamatan Bener, Kabupaten Purworejo, Provinsi Jawa Tengah

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

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Title Pemeriksaan Malaria Sebelum dan Sesudah Pemasangan Kelambu LLIN di Desa Sendangsari dan Desa Kalitapas, Kecamatan Bener, Kabupaten Purworejo, Provinsi Jawa Tengah
 
Creator Wigati, Wigati; Balai Besar Penelitian Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit
Widiarti, Widiarti; Balai Besar Penelitian Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit
Trapsilowati, Wiwiek; Balai Besar Penelitian Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit
Barudin, Kusno; Balai Besar Penelitian Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit
 
Subject Kata Kunci : Malaria, Pemeriksaan Darah Massal (MBS), kelambu LLIN
 
Description AbstractPurworejo regency was the only district in Central Java, which has areas of Middle Case Incidence (MCI) of malaria. The objectives of the descriptive study were to know the type and stage of malaria parasites, occurrence of indigenous transmission and effect of Long Lasting Insecticides Nets (LLIN)on malaria cases in Sendangsari and Kalitapas village, from May to October 2015. Blood samples of malaria patients were examined before and after using the LLIN and the blood samples were tested by conventional methods of blood thick and thin smear of blood fingertip. The results showed that slide positivity rate, was 7.69% before using insecticide mosquito nets and 1.5% after using insecticide mosquito nets and the stage of malaria parasite was gametocytes in children aged 2-4 years old. Based on parasite stage in young patient, a local transmission had occurred. Although the number of cases before and after usage of LLIN was declined, but it could be influenced by other vector control instead of LLIN,which were distributed by Purworejo District Health Service.Keywords: Malaria, Mass Blood Survey, LLIN, PurworejoAbstrakKabupaten Purworejo merupakan satu-satunya kabupaten di Jawa Tengah yang memiliki daerah MCI malaria. Adapun penelitian deskriptif ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis dan stadium parasit malaria, adanya penularan lokal, serta dampak kelambu berinsektisida pada kasus malaria di Desa Sendangsari dan Kalitapas dari bulan Mei sampai dengan Oktober 2015. Pengambilan darah penduduk penderita malaria telah dilakukan sebelum dan sesudah pemasangan kelambu LLIN. Pemeriksaan dan pengambilan darah Mass Blood Survey, dilakukan dengan metode konvensional darah tebal dan darah apus tipis yang diambil dari ujung jari. Hasil pemeriksaan menunjukkan bahwa Slide Positivity Rate sebesar 7,69% sebelum dilakukan pemasangan kelambu LLIN dan 1,50% setelah dilakukan pemasangan kelambu LLIN. Parasit malaria yang ditemukan adalah Plasmodium falciparum, dan parasit malaria stadium gametosit pada anak umur 2-4 tahun, sebelum dilakukan pemasangan kelambu berinsektisida. Berdasarkan stadium parasit dan umur penderita yang masih muda (belum beraktivitas keluar rumah) telah terjadi penularan lokal. Apabila dilihat dari jumlah kasus sebelum dan setelah pemasangan kelambu LLIN terjadi penurunan. Tetapi tidak menutup kemungkinan pengaruh pengendalian vektor lain selain kelambu LLIN yang dilakukan Dinas Kesehatan setempat, mendukung terjadinya penurunan kasus.Kata kunci : Malaria, Pemeriksaan Darah Masal, LLIN
 
Publisher Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
 
Contributor
 
Date 2017-11-17
 
Type
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/6902
10.22435/bpk.v45i3.6902.197-204
 
Source Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan; Vol 45, No 3 (2017); 197-204
 
Language en
 
Relation http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/6902/15825
http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/6902/15826
http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/6902/15828
 
Rights The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development) as publisher of the journal.Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development).Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development), the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal.
 

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