Faktor Risiko Penyakit Ginjal Kronik : Studi Kasus Kontrol di Empat Rumah Sakit di Jakarta Tahun 2014

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

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Title Faktor Risiko Penyakit Ginjal Kronik : Studi Kasus Kontrol di Empat Rumah Sakit di Jakarta Tahun 2014
 
Creator Delima, Delima
Tjitra, Emiliana
 
Subject
 
Description AbstractA case control study was conducted in four government hospitals in Jakarta according to KidneyDisease Improving Global Outcome (KDIGO) 2012 criteria, in the last 10 years. Control subjectswere diagnosed as not CKD based on estimating glomerulus filtration rate (e-GFR) of ≥60ml /minute/1.73m2 and normal urinalysis test. Data were collected by interviewing with subjects usingstructured questionnaires. Laboratory test results were extracted from the medical records orretested laboratory results of serum creatinine, HbA1c, and urinalysis at screening and enrollmenttime. A total of 429 eligible subjects in each group were analysed by logistic regression. Age, familyhistory of CKD, plain water consumption ≤2000ml/day, carbonated drink consumption, energy drinkconsumption, history of kidney diseases, kidney stone, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus increasedrisk of CKD with adjusted odds ratio range from 1.8 to 25.8. Consumption of coffee, tea, chocolate,alcohol drinks, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), traditional herbal for musculoskeletaldisorder or obesity, smoking, and less quality of drinking water were not significantly associatedwith CKD. It concluded that risk factors of CKD were everyday consumption of carbonated drinkand energy drink.Key words: chronic kidney disease, risk factor, case control, hospital AbstrakPenelitian kasus-kontrol penyakit ginjal kronik (PGK) telah dilakukan di empat rumah sakit (RS)pemerintah di DKI Jakarta mengikuti kriteria Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcome (KDIGO)2012, dan paling lama sudah sakit dalam 10 tahun terakhir. Subyek kontrol adalah pasien yang tidakmemenuhi kriteria PGK menurut penilaian dokter dan atau hasil estimasi laju filtrasi glomerulus(e-LFG) ≥60ml/menit/1,73m2 dengan hasil urinalisis normal. Data faktor risiko dikumpulkan denganwawancara menggunakan kuesioner terstruktur. Data laboratorium dicatat dari rekam medik atauhasil pemeriksaan ulang kadar kreatinin serum, HbA1c, dan urinalisis rutin dari subyek. Sejumlah429 subyek memenuhi kriteria untuk setiap kelompok. Hasil analisis regresi logistik kondisional menunjukkan umur lanjut, riwayat keluarga dengan PGK, konsumsi air minum ≤ 2000 ml/hari,konsumsi minuman bersoda, minuman berenergi, pernah didiagnosis gangguan glomerulusatau tubulo-intersisial ginjal, batu ginjal, hipertensi, dan diabetes mellitus meningkatkan risikoPGK dengan kisaran adjusted OR 1,8 hingga 25,8. Konsumsi kopi, teh, coklat, minumanberalkohol, obat antiinflamasi non steroid (NSAID), jamu pegal linu, jamu pelangsing,merokok, dan kualitas air minum yang kurang baik tidak berhubungan secara bermakna denganPGK. Disimpulkan bahwa faktor risiko paling dominan adalah sering mengonsumsi minumanberenergi bersamaan minuman bersoda.Kata kunci: penyakit ginjal kronik, faktor risiko, kasus kontrol, Jakarta
 
Publisher Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
 
Contributor
 
Date 2017-03-31
 
Type
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/7328
10.22435/bpk.v45i1.7328.17-26
 
Source Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan; Vol 45, No 1 (2017); 17-26
 
Language en
 
Rights The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development) as publisher of the journal.Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development).Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development), the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal.
 

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