Status Gizi Bayi Usia 6-12 Bulan di Kota Bogor Tahun 2015 ditinjau dari Pemberian Makan dan Sosiodemografi Ibu

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

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Title Status Gizi Bayi Usia 6-12 Bulan di Kota Bogor Tahun 2015 ditinjau dari Pemberian Makan dan Sosiodemografi Ibu
 
Creator Triatmaja, Nining Tyas
 
Subject
 
Description AbstractMasalah gizi kurang (underweight, stunting, dan wasting) pada bayi masih dijumpai di Indonesia.Banyak faktor yang mempengaruhi terjadinya masalah gizi kurang pada bayi, salah satunyapemberian makan yang kurang sesuai. Faktor sosiodemografi ibu juga diduga berpengaruh terhadapkejadian masalah gizi pada bayi. Tujuan penelitian ini menganalisis faktor-faktor yang berhubungandengan status gizi bayi usia 6-12 bulan ditinjau dari sosiodemografi ibu dan pola asuh makan di KotaBogor. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross-sectional study dengan jumlah sampel 92 orang ibubayi dan 92 bayi berusia 6-12 bulan. Data yang dikumpulkan berupa data karakteristik ibu (usia,pendidikan, pekerjaan, status ekonomi keluarga), pemberian makan (pemberian ASI Eksklusif dansusu formula sebelum bayi berusia 6 bulan), dan antropometri bayi (berat badan dan tinggi badan).Data status gizi bayi diolah menggunakan software WHO Anthro. Analisis data menggunakan ujiChi-square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan prevalensi underweight sebesar 4.3%, stunting sebesar13%, dan wasting sebesar 9.8%. Terdapat hubungan signifikan antara pendidikan ibu dan statusekonomi keluarga dengan status gizi bayi menurut indikator BB/U dan TB/U (p<0.05). Perlu adanyapeningkatan pengetahuan ibu terkait pola asuh makan yang sesuai untuk menurunkan masalah gizikurang pada bayi.Kata kunci: status gizi, bayi 6-12 bulan, pemberian makan, karakteristik ibu AbstrakMalnutrition (underweight, stunting, and wasting) in infants is still common nutritional problems inIndonesia. Many factors affect infant malnutrition, including inappropriate infant feeding. Maternalsociodemographic factors are also thought to affect infant malnutrition. The objective of this studywas to analyze factors associated with the nutritional status of infants aged 6-12 months accordingmaternal sociodemoghraphic and infant feeding practice in Bogor. This study used cross-sectionaldesign with sample of 92 mothers of infants and 92 infants aged 6-12 months. Variables in thisstudy were maternal characteristics (age, education, occupation, and family economic status), infantfeeding practices (exclusive breastfeeding and formula feeding before 6 months old), and infantanthropometric (weight and height). Nutritional status was analized using WHO Anthro software.Data analysis using Chi-square test. Results showed the prevalence of underweight, stunting, andwasting was 4.3%, 13%, 9.8%, respectively. There was a significant association between maternaleducation and family economic status with infant nutritional status (HAZ and WAZ) (p <0.05). Itis necessary to improve maternal knowledge on appropriate infant feeding practice to reduce infantmalnutrition.Keywords: nutritional status, infant aged 6-12 month, infant feeding, maternal characteristic
 
Publisher Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
 
Contributor
 
Date 2017-03-31
 
Type
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/7308
10.22435/bpk.v45i1.7308.37-44
 
Source Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan; Vol 45, No 1 (2017); 37-44
 
Language en
 
Rights The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development) as publisher of the journal.Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development).Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development), the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal.
 

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