Penyimpangan Pola Prevalensi Hipertensi di Indonesia – Penyusulan oleh Perempuan pada Usia 28 Tahun: Masukan untuk Perbaikan Pelayanan Kesehatan

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

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Title Penyimpangan Pola Prevalensi Hipertensi di Indonesia – Penyusulan oleh Perempuan pada Usia 28 Tahun: Masukan untuk Perbaikan Pelayanan Kesehatan
 
Creator Isfandari, Siti; Puslitbang Sumber Daya dan Pelayanan Kesehatan Jl. Percetakan Negara 29 Jakarta 10560 Indonesia
 
Subject
 
Description AbstractThis policy paper intends to provide inputs for community health program development on highblood pressure (HBP) prevention and treatment improvement. The latest two consecutive NationalHealth Surveys in 2010 and 2013 revealed deviant pattern of HBP among pre menopause females.Earlier take-over of HBP prevalence is observed between females on males. Exploration on HBPrisk by age and sex was performed. The findings showed higher prevalence of HBP risk amongfemales. Age, obesity, emotional distress, and contraceptive use contribute to HBP occurrence.Result of analysis was inconclusive to identify precise risk of earlier take over of high blood pressure.It could probably due to hormonal contraceptive use and higher prevalence of risk among females.Since there was already higher health service utilization, it is recommended that the existing noncommunicable diseases (NCD) prevention and monitoring program is expanded to provide servicefor young females. Among the service provided are motivation for healthy diet, physical activity,mental health service and family planning.Key words: NCD, hypertension, gender, health service, IndonesiaAbstrakArtikel kebijakan ini bertujuan memberi masukan perbaikan program pencegahan dan penangananhipertensi di puskesmas dan masyarakat. Riskesdas 2010 dan 2013 menunjukkan fenomenayang berbeda dengan negara lain. Prevalensi hipertensi perempuan pre menopause lebih tinggidibandingkan lelaki. Tujuan analisa untuk melakukan eksplorasi faktor risiko yang menyebabkanterjadinya penyusulan prevalensi hipertensi pada usia relatif muda. Usia, indeks massa tubuh,distress emosional , jenis kelamin dan penggunaan kontrasepsi merupakan faktor kontributor yangdianalisa. Hasil menunjukkan usia merupakanmerupakan kontributor tertinggi terjadinya hipertensi.Prevalensi hipertensi perempuan non pengguna kontrasepsi tidak berbeda dengan lelaki, sedangkanpengguna kontrasepsi hormonal memiliki risiko lebih tinggi terhadap hipertensi dibanding penggunakontrasepsi non hormonal. Hasil analisa belum dapat secara konklusif memperoleh faktor risikoyang menyebabkan terjadinya penyusulan dini hipertensi perempuan. Namun diduga terkait denganpenggunaan kontrasepsi hormonal dan lebih tingginya prevalensi faktor risiko hipertensi.Kata kunci : PTM, jender, pelayanan kesehatan, hipertensi, Indonesia
 
Publisher Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
 
Contributor
 
Date 2017-03-31
 
Type
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/7306
10.22435/bpk.v45i1.7306.1-10
 
Source Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan; Vol 45, No 1 (2017); 1-10
 
Language en
 
Rights The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development) as publisher of the journal.Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development).Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development), the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal.
 

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