Faktor Risiko Prediabetes: Isolated Impaired Fasting Glucose (i-IFG), Isolated Impaired Glucose Tolerance (i-IGT) dan Kombinasi IFG-IGT (Analisis Lanjut Riskesdas 2013)

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

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Title Faktor Risiko Prediabetes: Isolated Impaired Fasting Glucose (i-IFG), Isolated Impaired Glucose Tolerance (i-IGT) dan Kombinasi IFG-IGT (Analisis Lanjut Riskesdas 2013)
 
Creator Dany, Frans
Kusumawardani, Nunik
Pradono, Julianty
Kristianto, Yudi,
Delima, Delima
 
Subject
 
Description AbstractAn increasing trend of prediabetes is observed worldwide due to lifestyle changes. Several determinantsand metabolic abnormalities have been associated with the condition, but deeper analysis regardingtheir causal relationship to exclusive criteria of prediabetes, namely isolated impaired fasting glucose(i-IFG), isolated impaired glucose tolerance (i-IGT) and mixed IFG-IGT has not been done yet onnationwide data, particularly in Indonesia. This analysis using data extracted from the 2013 BasicHealth Research (Riskesdas) was performed to study associations among factors contributing toprediabetes. Bivariate and multivariate relationships were tested of i-IFG was found to be 20.4%,15.6% for i-IGT and 12.4% for mixed IFG-IGT. Substantial risk factors for i-IGT include: age ≥30years, female gender and fatty food consumption ≥1x/day. While determinants for i-IFG were agegroup ≥40 years, sweet food consumption >1x/day, and drinking coffee ≥1x/day. As for the mixedIFG-IGT category, age group ≥45 years and obesity were found to be potential risk factors. Hence,prediabetes and associated factors become serious public health problems and require effectiveintervention related to age, gender and dietary risk behavior to minimize further negative impactsattributable to metabolic diseases.Keywords: risk factors, prediabetes, isolated IFG, isolated IGT, Riskesdas 2013  AbstrakPrediabetes semakin sering dijumpai di seluruh dunia seiring meningkatnya kejadian diabetes mellitusakibat perubahan gaya hidup. Beberapa determinan dan gangguan metabolik telah dihubungkandengan keadaan tersebut, tetapi analisis mendalam terkait hubungan kausal faktor tersebut terhadapprediabetes dengan kriteria eksklusif seperti isolated impaired fasting glucose (i-IFG), isolatedimpaired glucose tolerance (i-IGT) dan campuran IFG-IGT belum dilakukan untuk data skalanasional khususnya di Indonesia. Analisis yang menggunakan data sekunder Riskesdas 2013 inidilakukan untuk mengkaji hubungan determinan yang diduga berperan pada timbulnya prediabetes.Data diolah melalui uji bivariat dan multivariat. Secara umum, proporsi i-IFG dijumpai sebesar 20,4%,i-IGT sebesar 15,6% dan campuran IFG-IGT sebesar 12,4%. Hasil analisis multivariat menemukanbahwa faktor risiko bermakna i-IGT meliputi usia ≥30 tahun, jenis kelamin perempuan dan konsumsimakanan berlemak ≥1x/hari. Sementara determinan i-IFG adalah usia ≥40 tahun, konsumsi makananmanis ≥1 x/hari, minum kopi ≥1 x/hari. Pada kombinasi i-IFG dan i-IGT, faktor risiko potensial yangdijumpai adalah kelompok usia 45 tahun ke atas dan obesitas. Karena itu, prediabetes dan faktorrisiko terkait menjadi masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang memerlukan intervensi tepat denganfokus pada faktor gender, umur dan perilaku makan, untuk meminimalkan dampak negatif lebihlanjut akibat penyakit metabolik.Kata kunci: faktor risiko, prediabetes, isolated IFG, isolated IGT, Riskesdas 2013
 
Publisher Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
 
Contributor
 
Date 2017-07-18
 
Type
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/6366
10.22435/bpk.v45i2.6366.113-124
 
Source Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan; Vol 45, No 2 (2017); 113-124
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan; Vol 45, No 2 (2017); 113-124
 
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Relation http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/6366/13767
http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/6366/13768
http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/6366/13769
http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/6366/13770
http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/6366/13771
http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/6366/13772
 
Rights The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development) as publisher of the journal.Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development).Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development), the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal.
 

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