Stigma terhadap Orang dengan HIV/AIDS (ODHA) sebagai Hambatan Pencarian Pengobatan: Studi Kasus pada Pecandu Narkoba Suntik di Jakarta

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

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Title Stigma terhadap Orang dengan HIV/AIDS (ODHA) sebagai Hambatan Pencarian Pengobatan: Studi Kasus pada Pecandu Narkoba Suntik di Jakarta
 
Creator Ardani, Irfan; Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Humaniora dan Manajemen Kesehatan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
Handayani, Sri; Pusat Humaniora dan Manajemen Kesehatan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
 
Subject stigma, HIV/AIDS, pecandu, pengobatan
 
Description AbstractThe number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) in Indonesia has been increasing every year. One ofthe main causes of HIV cases was the use of non sterile needles among injecting drug users. Many peoplestill considered HIV/AIDS as a stigmatized disease. The people tend to hide their HIV status to theirfamily, friends, other people and health providers. PLWH and their family were vulnerable from stigmaand discrimination; therefore, they had barriers of HIV/AIDS to receive treatments. A qualitative researchhas been conducted in Jakarta with in-depth interview and observation as methods for data collection.The informants have been selected purposively, which are PLWH among injecting drug users (IDU’s) andformer IDU’s. Stigmatization among PLWH from IDU’s group consisted of self stigmatization and socialstigmatization. Self stigmatization aroused from the IDU’s fearness of rejection from other people and theresult of external stigma’s internalization. Social stigmatization included discrimination, intimidation andindifferent behavior toward PLWH from IDU’s group. As a conclusion, PLWH from IDU’s group tendednot seeking help, delayed or ended their HIV/AIDS treatment because they had been stigmatized. Selfefficacyof PLWH from IDU’s group also limited as a result of stigmatization.Key words: stigma, HIV/AIDS, drug user, treatment AbstrakJumlah orang dengan HIV/AIDS (ODHA) di Indonesia mengalami kenaikan setiap tahunnya. Salahsatu penyebab penularan HIV/AIDS adalah penggunaan jarum suntik tidak steril pada pecandu narkobasuntik (penasun). HIV dan AIDS masih dianggap penyakit yang tabu dibicarakan secara terbuka kepadaorang tua, masyarakat dan bahkan pelayanan kesehatan. Hal ini membuat ODHA dan keluarganya rentanterhadap stigma dan diskriminasi yang berakibat pada hambatan memperoleh perawatan dan pengobatan.Penelitian dilakukan di Jakarta dengan metode wawancara dan observasi pada komunitas penasun.Sampel diambil secara purposif dengan kriteria penasun atau mantan penasun yang sudah terinfeksi HIV.Stigma memiliki dua jenis yaitu stigma yang berasal dari dalam diri sendiri dan yang berasal dari luardiri. Stigma dari dalam muncul dari rasa ketakutan dalam diri ODHA dan juga hasil dari internalisasistigma dari luar. Stigma dari luar diterima ODHA penasun dalam bentuk diskriminasi, intimidasi danpembiaran. Sebagai kesimpulan ODHA penasun yang merasa terstigma akan mengurangi kemungkinanuntuk mencari bantuan, menunda pengobatan atau memilih mengakhiri pengobatan. Kepercayaan diriODHA penasun untuk mengatasi masalah adiksi mereka juga akan berkurang akibat stigma yang merekadapat.Kata kunci: stigma, HIV/AIDS, pecandu, pengobatan 
 
Publisher Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
 
Contributor Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
 
Date 2017-07-18
 
Type
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/6042
10.22435/bpk.v45i2.6042.81-88
 
Source Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan; Vol 45, No 2 (2017); 81-88
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan; Vol 45, No 2 (2017); 81-88
 
Language id
 
Relation http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/6042/12448
 
Rights The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development) as publisher of the journal.Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development).Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development), the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal.
 

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