Quality and Content of Online Information Related to “Immunity Boosting” During COVID-19 Pandemic: Comparison of Google and DuckDuckGo

Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences

View Publication Info
 
 
Field Value
 
Title Quality and Content of Online Information Related to “Immunity Boosting” During COVID-19 Pandemic: Comparison of Google and DuckDuckGo
 
Creator Anu Shrivastava
Aparna Agarwal
Swati Jain
 
Subject DISCERN tool, Immunity boosting, Information quality, Internet, Online health information
 
Description Use of internet for assessing health-related information has been growing exponentially in the past few years. The objective of this study was to assess the quality of information on the websites on Google and DuckDuckGo. A total of 120 URLs were recorded from Google and DuckDuckGo using the search terms “immunity booster,” “immunity boosting foods,” and “immunity boosting drinks.” These were rated by three independent raters using DISCERN tool. The average ratings for the DISCERN questions were in the range of 2.01–3.82. More than 85% of the websites were of moderate quality. There was excellent inter-rater reliability among the raters. About 47% of the websites depicted immunity boosting as beneficial. About 11% of the websites recommended use of supplements for immunity boosting. Diet, exercise, and adequate sleep were the most commonly recommended strategies for immunity boosting. Vitamin C, Vitamin A, and gingerol were the most commonly recommended dietary components for immunity boosting. Overall, there was no statistically significant difference in the quality of websites on Google and DuckDuckGo. Most of the websites suffered from shortcomings in the quality of information based on DISCERN quality criteria.
 
Publisher IJPMR Publishing Press
 
Date 2022-01-15
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://www.apjhs.com/index.php/apjhs/article/view/1818
 
Source Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences; Vol. 9 No. 1 (2022): Vol 9 | Issue 1 | January - March 2022; 142-147
2349-0659
2350-0964
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://www.apjhs.com/index.php/apjhs/article/view/1818/1240
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Anu Shrivastava, Aparna Agarwal, Swati Jain
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

Contact Us

The PKP Index is an initiative of the Public Knowledge Project.

For PKP Publishing Services please use the PKP|PS contact form.

For support with PKP software we encourage users to consult our wiki for documentation and search our support forums.

For any other correspondence feel free to contact us using the PKP contact form.

Find Us

Twitter

Copyright © 2015-2018 Simon Fraser University Library