Control of Elderly Hypertension with Merona Program

Jurnal Kesehatan Komunitas

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Title Control of Elderly Hypertension with Merona Program
Pengendalian Hipertensi Lansia dengan Program Merona
 
Creator Kurniawan, Didi
Rekawati, Etty
Sahar, Junaiti
 
Description Hypertension is a silent killer is the most common health problem experienced by the elderly. Control of hypertension in the elderly is very necessary to reduce complications of hypertension. Based on these conditions, the MERONA Program was developed. The purpose is to provide an overview of the implementation of the blush program in the elderly with hypertension. The method used is a family case study and an aggregate using a family and community nursing process approach involving 10 foster families and 60 elderly people in the community selected using cluster random sampling. This program is an integration of hypertension self-management and relaxation therapy, namely music therapy, progressive muscle relaxation, and deep breathing relaxation which is carried out for 12 weeks. Evaluation of changes in behavior and family independence was carried out at the end of the 12th week using a questionnaire. Blood pressure measurements were carried out at weeks 4, 8, and 12. The results of the implementation were an increase in the behavior of the elderly, an increase in the level of family independence, and a significant decrease in systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p<0.05). The MERONA program is recommended to be applied in community health services.
Hipertensi sebagai pembunuh diam-diam (silent killer) merupakan masalah kesehatan paling banyak dialami lansia. Pengendalian hipertensi pada lansia sangat diperlukan untuk mengurangi komplikasi hipertensi. Berdasarkan kondisi tersebut dikembangkan Program MERONA. Tujuan yaitu memberikan gambaran pelaksanaan program merona pada lansia dengan hipertensi. Metode yang digunakan yaitu studi kasus keluarga dan agregat menggunakan pendekatan proses keperawatan keluarga dan komunitas dengan melibatkan 10 keluarga binaan dan 60 lansia di komunitas yang dipilih menggunakan cluster random sampling. Program ini merupakan integrasi manajemen diri hipertensi dan terapi relaksasi yaitu terapi musik, relaksasi otot progresif dan relaksasi nafas dalam yang dilaksanakan selama 12 minggu. Evaluasi terhadap perubahan perilaku lansia dan kemandirian keluarga dilakukan pada akhir minggu ke 12 menggunakan kuesioner. Pengukuran tekanan darah dilakukan pada minggu ke 4, 8 dan 12. Hasil implementasi yaitu diperoleh peningkatan perilaku lansia, peningkatan tingkat kemandirian keluarga, dan penurunan tekanan darah sistolik maupun diastolik secara bermakna (p<0,05). Program MERONA disarankan dapat diaplikasikan dalam pelayanan kesehatan komunitas.
 
Publisher STIKes Hang Tuah Pekanbaru
 
Date 2021-12-31
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://jurnal.htp.ac.id/index.php/keskom/article/view/1028
10.25311/keskom.Vol7.Iss3.1028
 
Source Jurnal Kesehatan Komunitas; Vol. 7 No. 3 (2021): Journal of Community Health; 347-353
Jurnal Kesehatan Komunitas; Vol 7 No 3 (2021): Jurnal Kesehatan Komunitas; 347-353
2548-8538
2088-7612
10.25311/keskom/2021/7.3
 
Language ind
 
Relation https://jurnal.htp.ac.id/index.php/keskom/article/view/1028/368
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Komunitas
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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