The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Labour Demand and Search Behavior: Evidence from a job search webpage in Costa Rica and Google Data

Revista de Ciencias Económicas

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Title The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Labour Demand and Search Behavior: Evidence from a job search webpage in Costa Rica and Google Data
El efecto de la pandemia del COVID-19 en la demanda de trabajo y la conducta de búsqueda: Evidencia de una página web de búsqueda de empleos en Costa Rica y de Google Data
Creator Sánchez Gómez, Manuel Esteban
Description This paper presents estimates of how the pandemic of COVID-19 and the lockdown policies implemented in Costa Rica to contain its spread affected the firm’s decision to post vacancies and workers search behavior, using data from the online job advertisement webpage buscoempleocr. Differences in Differences estimates suggest a drop of 67.2% in the inflow of vacancies posted by firms before and after the policies were implemented, relative to previous year. Results by industry states that Accommodation and Food Services, reported the highest decline in vacancy posting. By occupations, the reduction in vacancy posting was more severe for the groups of service and sales workers and elementary occupations. By location, the most affected provinces are those that i) are characterized by their touristic industries and ii) are main cities where industries are concentrated. Regarding the labor supply, there is an increase in the number of job seekers, however their search intensity might have declined during the pandemic.
Este artículo presenta estimaciones de la pandemia del COVID-19 y los cierres implementados en Costa Rica para contener los contagios y analiza cómo afectó la decisión de las empresas de publicar vacantes, así como la conducta de búsqueda de los trabajadores, usando datos de la página web de avisos de empleo buscoempleocr. Los estimadores de Diferencias en Diferencias sugieren una caída del 67,2% en el flujo de vacantes publicadas por las firmas después de que se implementaron los cierres respecto al año anterior. Los resultados por industria indican que en las industrias de hospedaje y los servicios de alimentación reportaron la mayor caída en la publicación de vacantes. Por ocupaciones, la reducción en la publicación de vacantes fue más severa entre vendedores y en ocupaciones elementales. Por región, las provincias más afectadas fueron aquellas que se caracterizaban por su industria turística y eran ciudades principales que concentran una gran cantidad de industrias. Respecto a la oferta de trabajo, hay un incremento en el número de oferentes; sin embargo, su intensidad de búsqueda podría haber disminuido durante la pandemia.
Publisher Universidad de Costa Rica
Date 2021-12-22
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Source Revista de Ciencias Económicas; Vol 39 No 2 (2021): Revista de Ciencias Económicas: (July - December); e47347
Revista de Ciencias Económicas; Vol. 39 Núm. 2 (2021): Revista de Ciencias Económicas: (julio - diciembre); e47347
Language eng
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Rights Derechos de autor 2021 Manuel Esteban Sánchez Gómez

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