Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever and Its Relationship With The Weather Factors in Bandar Lampung City, 2009-2018

Jurnal Kesehatan Komunitas

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Title Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever and Its Relationship With The Weather Factors in Bandar Lampung City, 2009-2018
Demam Berdarah Dengue dan Hubungannya Dengan Faktor Cuaca di Kota Bandar Lampung Tahun 2009-2018
 
Creator Yushananta, Prayudhy
 
Subject Weather
DHF
rainfall
humidity
temperature
Cuaca
DBD
hujan
kelembaban
temperatur
 
Description Background: DHF is the most serious vector-borne disease in Bandar Lampung. Dengue virus and its vector Aedes aegypti are sensitive to weather changes, especially rainfall, temperature, and humidity.
Objective: This study aims to determine the relationship between weather factors and dengue cases using 2009-2018.
Methods: The data were obtained from reports on the number of monthly cases of the Bandar Lampung City Health Office and daily climate reports from the Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics Agency, converted into monthly averages. The SPSS 24.0 was used at all levels of analysis (CL = 95%), including Pearson Correlation, Spearman rank Correlation, and Multiple Linear Regression.
Results: We found the highest cases of DHF are in January, February, and March. Rainfall has a positive correlation with the number of dengue cases in 2011 (p-value = 0.012) and 2015 (p-value = 0.020). Each year, the rainy period precedes the start of the increase in dengue cases. Temperature has a negative correlation in 2014 (p-value = 0.036). Humidity has a positive correlation in 2014 (p-value = 0.024), and 2015 (p-value = 0.018). Rainfall has the greatest influence on DHF cases in Bandar Lampung City (36.9%).
Conclusion: These findings provide empirical evidence regarding the relationship between weather factors and DHF transmission and are expected to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of DHF.
Latar belakang: DBD adalah penyakit tular vektor yang paling serius di Kota Bandar Lampung. Virus dengue dan vektornya Aedes aegypti sensitif terhadap perubahan cuaca, khususnya curah hujan, temperatur dan kelembapan.
Tujuan: Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui hubungan faktor cuaca dengan kasus DBD menggunakan periode tahun 2009-2018.
Metode: Data diperoleh dari laporan jumlah kasus bulanan Dinas Kesehatan Kota Bandar Lampung, dan iklim harian dari Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika yang dikonversi menjadi rata-rata bulanan. Perangkat SPSS 24.0 digunakan pada semua tingkatan analisis (CL=95%), termasuk Pearson Correlation, Spearman rank Correlation, dan Multiple Linier Regression.
Hasil: Kami menemukan, kasus DBD tertinggi pada bulan Januari, Februari, dan Maret. Curah hujan berkorelasi positif dengan jumlah kasus DBD pada tahun 2011 (p-value=0,012), dan 2015 (p-value=0,020). Setiap tahunnya, periode hujan mendahului dimulainya waktu peningkatan kasus DBD. Temperatur berkorelasi negatif pada tahun 2014 (p-value=0,036). Kelembapan berkorelasi positif pada tahun 2014 (p-value=0,024), dan 2015 (p-value=0,018). Curah hujan memberikan pengaruh terbesar dalam hubungan dengan kasus DBD di Kota Bandar Lampung (36,9%).
Kesimpulan: Temuan ini memberikan bukti empirik mengenai hubungan faktor cuaca dengan penularan DBD, dan diharapkan dapat memberikan landasan ilmiah untuk pencegahan dan penanggulangan DBD.
 
Publisher STIKes Hang Tuah Pekanbaru
 
Date 2021-10-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://jurnal.htp.ac.id/index.php/keskom/article/view/869
 
Source Jurnal Kesehatan Komunitas; Vol. 7 No. 2 (2021): Journal of Community Health; 263-270
Jurnal Kesehatan Komunitas; Vol 7 No 2 (2021): Journal of Community Health; 263-270
2548-8538
2088-7612
10.25311/keskom/2021/7.2
 
Language ind
 
Relation https://jurnal.htp.ac.id/index.php/keskom/article/view/869/350
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Komunitas
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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