THE EFFECT OF POPULATION GROWTH AND TRADE OPENNESS ON ECONOMIC GROWTH OF THE OIC COUNTRIES

Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan

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Title THE EFFECT OF POPULATION GROWTH AND TRADE OPENNESS ON ECONOMIC GROWTH OF THE OIC COUNTRIES
 
Creator Muharromy, Noor Syahro El
Auwalin, Ilmiawan
 
Description ABSTRAKPertumbuhan ekonomi memegang peranan penting dalam menentukan keberhasilan pembangunan sebuah negara, oleh karena itu setiap negara selalu menetapkan target pertumbuhan ekonomi yang stabil dalam tujuan pembangunan. Dalam prosesnya pertumbuhan ekonomi dipengaruhi oleh berbagai factor yang dapat mendorong atau bahkan menghambat laju pertumbuhan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pertumbuhan penduduk, keterbukaan perdagangan, inflasi, nilai tukar dan investasi terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi 40 negara anggota Organisasi Kerjasama Islam (OKI) pada tahun 2005-2019 menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan teknik analisis regresi data panel fixed effect model dan menggunakan aplikasi Eviews 11dalam mengelola data penelitian. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa variabel pertumbuhan penduduk dan nilai tukar memiliki hubungan signifikan dan negatif terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi, sedangkan keterbukaan perdagangan dan investasi berpengaruh signifikan dan positif. Sedangkan investasi tidak berpengaruh signifikan pada pertumbuhan ekonomi di Negara OKI. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini pemerintah dan pihak terkait diharapkan dapat mengendalikan tingkat pertumbuhan penduduknya serta mendorong sektor perdagangan internasional untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan ekonomi mengingat tingkat keterbukaan perdagangan di Negara OKI masih dibawah potensinya.Kata Kunci: Pertumbuhan Ekonomi, Pertumbuhan Penduduk, Keterbukaan Perdagangan, Organisasi Kerjasama Islam. ABSTRACTEconomic growth plays an important role in determining the success of a country's development; therefore, each country always sets a target for stable economic growth in its development goals. In the process, economic growth is influenced by various factors that can encourage or even hinder the growth rate. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of population growth, trade openness, inflation, exchange rates and investment on the economic growth of 40 member countries of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in 2005-2019 using a quantitative approach with a fixed effect model panel data regression analysis technique and using the Eviews application. 11 in managing research data. The results of this study indicate that the variables of population growth and exchange rates have a significant and negative relationship to economic growth, while trade openness and investment have a significant and positive effect. Meanwhile, investment has no significant effect on economic growth in the OIC Country. 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Publisher Universitas Airlangga
 
Contributor
 
Date 2021-09-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JESTT/article/view/26337
10.20473/vol8iss20215pp537-547
 
Source Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan; Vol 8, No 5 (2021): September-2021; 537-547
2502-1508
2407-1935
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JESTT/article/view/26337/pdf
https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JESTT/article/downloadSuppFile/26337/8602
https://e-journal.unair.ac.id/JESTT/article/downloadSuppFile/26337/8603
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Noor Syahro El Muharromy, Ilmiawan Auwalin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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