EXTENDED-SPECTRUM BETA-LACTAMASE PRODUCING GRAM NEGATIVE BACTERIA IN IRAN

African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID)

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Field Value
 
Title EXTENDED-SPECTRUM BETA-LACTAMASE PRODUCING GRAM NEGATIVE BACTERIA IN IRAN
 
Creator Leylabadlo, Hamed Ebrahimzadeh
Pourlak, Tala
bialvaei, Abed Zahedi
Aghazadeh, Mohammad
Asgharzadeh, Mohammad
Kafil, Hossein Samadi
 
Subject Tradtional Medicine, Medicinal Plants
extended-spectrum β-lactamase; antibiotic resistance; Acinetobacter baumannii; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Iran.
 
Description Background: The emergence and spread of extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Gram- negative bacteria
(GNB), particularly in Enterobacteriaceae, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, have increased all over
the world. ESBLs are characterized by their ability to hydrolyze β-lactams, early cephalosporins, oxyimino-thiazolyl
cephalosporins, and monobactams, but not cephamycins or carbapenems. The rate of nosocomial infections caused by
ESBL-producing GNB in Asia Pacific has increased and several studies have identified their prevalence in the region. The
aim of this study is to review the prevalence of ESBL-producing GNB in the West Asia and the Middle East with a
particular focus on Iran.
Materials and Methods: The available evidence from various studies (Microbia and clinical studies, retrieved from the
PubMed, and Scopus databases) regarding the ESBL producing Gram negative bacteria in Iran were evaluated.
Results: In almost all parts of the country, high resistance has been observed, especially in the central part of Iran. Up to
89.8% Escherichia coli, 72.1% Klebsiella pneumonia, 84.2% Acinetobacter baumannii, and 83.8% Pseudomonas
aeruginosa isolates are ESBL positive.
Conclusion: The present study showed the increasing prevalence of ESBLs in different regions of Iran, which could be
useful to strategic policy towards reducing reduce their prevalence.
 
Publisher African Traditional Medicine Supporters Initiative (ATHMSI), 7, Road 1, Otunmaiye Square
 
Contributor Drug Applied Research Centre and the authors thank all staff of Microbiology laboratory for their collaborations and help.
 
Date 2017-06-08
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/AJID/article/view/4790
10.21010/ajid.v11i2.6
 
Source African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID); Vol 11, No 2 (2017); 39-53
2505-0419
2006-0165
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/AJID/article/view/4790/2993
 
Coverage asia


 
Rights Copyright (c) 2017 African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID)
 

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