FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH TB/HIV CO-INFECTION AMONG DRUG SENSITIVE TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS MANAGED IN A SECONDARY HEALTH FACILITY IN LAGOS, NIGERIA

African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID)

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Title FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH TB/HIV CO-INFECTION AMONG DRUG SENSITIVE TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS MANAGED IN A SECONDARY HEALTH FACILITY IN LAGOS, NIGERIA
 
Creator Adejumo, Olusola A.
Daniel, Olusoji J.
Otesanya, Andrew F.
Adegbola, Adebukola A.
Femi- Adebayo, Temitope
Bowale, Abimbola
Adesola, Sunday
Kuku, Olugbenga O.
Otemuyiwa, Kehinde O.
Oladega, Shafaatu N.
Johnson, Eze O.
Falana, Ayodeji A.
Dawodu, Olusola
Owuna, Henry
Osoba, Ganiyat
Dacosta, Adetokunbo
 
Subject Tradtional Medicine, Medicinal Plants
TB, HIV, co-infection, Nigeria
 
Description Background: This study assessed factors associated with TB/HIV co-infection among TB patients managed in a secondary
health facility in Lagos Nigeria.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of treatment cards of patients seen at a secondary referral hospital
between January 1 2014 and December 31 2014 was conducted. Treatment outcomes and factors associated with TB/HIV
co-infection were assessed.
Results: Of the 334 records of patients reviewed, the proportion of patients with TB/HIV co-infection was 21.6%. The
odds of having TB/HIV co-infection was 2.7 times higher among patients above 40 years than patients less than 25 years
(AOR 2.7 95% CI 1.1 – 6.5, p =0.030). In addition, the odds of having TB/HIV co-infection was 3.3 higher among extrapulmonary
TB cases (AOR 3.3; 95% CI 1.2 – 9.5; p = 0.026) and 2.1 times higher among retreated patients (AOR 2.1; 95%
CI 1.1 – 3.9; p = 0.017) than pulmonary TB and new patients respectively. The chance of having TB/HIV co-infection was
2.7-fold more in patients with poor treatment outcomes than patients with treatment success (AOR 2.7; 95%CI 1.3 – 5.4; p
=0.006).
Conclusion: TB/HIV co-infection rate was high in the study area. There is need to put measures in place to improve
treatment outcomes of TB/HIV co-infected patients.
 
Publisher African Traditional Medicine Supporters Initiative (ATHMSI), 7, Road 1, Otunmaiye Square
 
Contributor
 
Date 2017-06-08
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/AJID/article/view/4794
10.21010/ajid.v11i2.10
 
Source African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID); Vol 11, No 2 (2017); 75-82
2505-0419
2006-0165
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/AJID/article/view/4794/2997
 
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Rights Copyright (c) 2017 African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID)
 

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