VARIABILITY OF URINE PARAMETERS IN CHILDREN INFECTED WITH SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM IN UKAWU COMMUNITY, ONICHA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, EBONYI STATE, NIGERIA

African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID)

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Title VARIABILITY OF URINE PARAMETERS IN CHILDREN INFECTED WITH SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM IN UKAWU COMMUNITY, ONICHA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, EBONYI STATE, NIGERIA
 
Creator Elom, Juliana Eze
Odikamnoro, Oliver O.
Nnachi, Agwu Ulu
Ikeh, Ifeanyi
Nkwuda, John O.
 
Subject Tradtional Medicine, Medicinal Plants
Schistosoma haematobium, prevalence, proteinuria, haematuria and leucocyturia
 
Description Background: Schistosomiasis, a chronic, debilitating and neglected tropical and sub-tropical water-borne ailment, is
highly endemic in Nigeria, especially among primary school children in rural communities. The study on the variability
of urine parameters in children infected with Schistosoma haematobium in Ukawu community, Onicha Local
Government Area of Ebonyi State, was undertaken.
Materials and Methods: Urine samples were aseptically collected from 400 primary school children in the community
and analysed using chemical reagent strips and sedimentation techniques.
Results: The study revealed an overall prevalence of 27% as 108 pupils out of 400 were infected with S. haematobium
in the area. Proteinuria, haematuria and leucocyturia were observed to occur in 67.0%, 79.0% and 74.9% respectively.
Males had higher infections and higher occurrences of proteinuria, haematuria and leucocyturia (72.5%, 88.2% and
82.4% respectively). There was no significant difference with respect to sex (P0.05).
Children within ages 12-15 had the highest occurrence of proteinuria, haematuria and leucocyturia while children
within ages 4-7 had the least occurrence of the three urine parameters. All the pupils excreting above 40 egg/10ml of
urine had proteinuria, haematuria and leucocyturia.
Conclusion: The study revealed that the community studied is endemic with Schistosoma haematobium infections and
the level of the urine parameters increased with the intensity of infection. Prompt case detection and treatment, good
personal hygiene, eradication of snail hosts, public enlightenment and proper waste disposal are hereby recommended.
 
Publisher African Traditional Medicine Supporters Initiative (ATHMSI), 7, Road 1, Otunmaiye Square
 
Contributor Association of all the primary schools used in this study for logistical supports.
 
Date 2017-06-08
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/AJID/article/view/4785
10.21010/ajid.v11i2.2
 
Source African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID); Vol 11, No 2 (2017); 10-16
2505-0419
2006-0165
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/AJID/article/view/4785/2989
 
Coverage Africa


 
Rights Copyright (c) 2017 African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID)
 

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