SEROLOGICAL SURVEY OF TOXOPLASMOSIS, NEOSPOROSIS AND BRUCELLOSIS AMONG CATTLE HERDS IN OYO STATE, SOUTH-WESTERN NIGERIA

African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID)

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Title SEROLOGICAL SURVEY OF TOXOPLASMOSIS, NEOSPOROSIS AND BRUCELLOSIS AMONG CATTLE HERDS IN OYO STATE, SOUTH-WESTERN NIGERIA
 
Creator Ayinmode, Adekunle
Akinseye, Victor
Schares, Gereon
Cadmus, Simeon
 
Subject Tradtional Medicine, Medicinal Plants
Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum, Brucella abortus, cattle, herd, Nigeria
 
Description Background: Several zoonotic diseases are known to constitute great impediment to livestock management and
production worldwide, especially in developing countries where control measures are largely non-existent. This study
sets out to investigate the occurrence of toxoplasmosis, neosporosis and brucellosis among cattle herds in Oyo State,
southwest Nigeria.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey to screen for antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum
and Brucella abortus was conducted among 174 cattle in 17 herds. Sera obtained from the cattle were screened for
antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and for
Brucella abortus antibodies using Rose Bengal test and Competitive Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (cELISA).
Results: Overall, herd level prevalence of 52.9%, 23.5% and 23.5% as well as individual prevalence of 7.5%, 3.4%
and 3.4% was obtained for toxoplasmosis, neosporosis and brucellosis, respectively. Antibodies to T. gondii, N.
caninum and B. abortus were detected in 2 of the 17 herds, T. gondii and N. caninum in 4 herds, and T. gondii and B.
abortus in 4 herds. Statistically significant association was only found between seropositivity to T. gondii antibodies
and sex (p
 
Publisher African Traditional Medicine Supporters Initiative (ATHMSI), 7, Road 1, Otunmaiye Square
 
Contributor Andrea Bärwald for her excellent technical assistance, DAAD fellowship for sponsoring, Dr. Ayinmode to conduct part of this study at the Friedrich Loeffler Institute, Insel Riems, Germany
 
Date 2017-06-08
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/AJID/article/view/3992
10.21010/ajid.v11i2.13
 
Source African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID); Vol 11, No 2 (2017); 95-101
2505-0419
2006-0165
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/AJID/article/view/3992/pdf
http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/AJID/article/downloadSuppFile/3992/1477
 
Coverage Africa

serum
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2017 African Journal of Infectious Diseases (AJID)
 

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