Case study: Lifecycle Assessment and CBios Emission Factor for biodiesel production with variation of the biomass and eligibility criteria

International Journal for Innovation Education and Research

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Title Case study: Lifecycle Assessment and CBios Emission Factor for biodiesel production with variation of the biomass and eligibility criteria
Creator Moreti, Thaisa Calvo Fugineri
Garbosa , Alexandre
Ramos, Ricardo Alan Verdú
Barbosa dos Santos , Paulo Sérgio
Subject Biofuel
Energy-Environmental Efficiency
National Biofuels Policy
Description The Brazilian National Biofuels Policy (RenovaBio) has as its main purpose to promote the growth of the biofuels chain in Brazil, from more efficient and sustainable production models, culminating in the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, as well as contributing to the fulfillment of the commitments assumed by the country at COP-21. RenovaCalc is a tool from RenovaBio that is capable of analyzing lifecycle inventory data of background processes, added to the technical parameters of agricultural and industrial production that is informed by the biofuel producer. The final product is given through an Energy-Environmental Efficiency Grade (NEEA). In this context, NEEA, together with raw material eligibility values, will serve as the basis for the calculation of decarbonization credits (CBios). Given this context, the present study sought to investigate three scenarios: S1: excluded agricultural phase; S2: 100% eligible soy combined with the use of beef tallow, and S3: production of biodiesel with 100% soybean oil. The study compared two biodiesel producing national industries to NEEA certified by the Brazilian National Office of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (ANP). It can be concluded that NEEA does not have a direct influence on the quantity of CBios to be traded, that is, the highest ratio is given from the eligibility (%) of the raw material chosen for the production of the fuel. Thus, scenario 2, which relied on the use of waste, proved to be 10 times more profitable compared to the other scenarios, in both analyses, due to its high eligibility. However, in terms of NEEA, it was noted that the exclusion of the agricultural phase (scenario 1) was the one that was most efficient in terms of gCO2 eq./MJ. It is relevant to emphasize the importance of proper handling and practices that guarantee the traceability of the grain so that the eligibility indexes are optimized.
Publisher International Educative Research Foundation Publisher (IERFP)
Date 2021-08-01
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer-reviewed Article
Format application/pdf
Source International Journal for Innovation Education and Research; Vol. 9 No. 8 (2021): International Journal for Innovation Education and Research; 252-262
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Thaisa Calvo Fugineri Moreti, Alexandre Garbosa , Ricardo Alan Verdú Ramos, Paulo Sérgio Barbosa dos Santos

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