ANATOMICAL AND PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF Cephalostachyum mannii (Gamble) STAPLETON – AN ENDEMIC SCRAMBLING BAMBOO OF NORTHEAST INDIA

Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research

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Title ANATOMICAL AND PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF Cephalostachyum mannii (Gamble) STAPLETON – AN ENDEMIC SCRAMBLING BAMBOO OF NORTHEAST INDIA
 
Creator Sharma, Chaman Lal
Sharma, Madhubala
Lamare, Dahunirikitre M.
Wangkhem, Mahesh
Pangging, Govinda
 
Subject Culm, Fibre, Density, Moisture content, Shrinkage, Vascular bundles
 
Description Cephalostachyum mannii is a tall, graceful scandent bamboo with solid culms. It is distributed in Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Nagaland states of  Northeast India. The present study was carried out to investigate radial and vertical variations in anatomical and physical properties in the culms of this bamboo species.  The mature culms  (3-4 years old) were selected from forests of  Amkassar Amlarem village, West Jaintia Hills District, Meghalaya, India. The selected internodes of culms were radially divided into outer, middle and inner zones, and vertically bottom, middle and top positions. The vascular bundles were of  Type II and well developed in middle zones of both bottom and middle positions. The number and size of vascular bundles increased from inner to outer zone and decreased from bottom to top. Vessel length and vessel diameter decreased both radially and vertically. Among fibre characteristics, fibre wall thickness increased, while fibre length, fibre diameter, and fibre lumen diameter decreased significantly in both radial and vertical directions.  Among physical properties, density increased, and moisture content decreased in both radial and vertical directions. Radial shrinkage was higher than tangential shrinkage. Both radial and tangential shrinkage decreased significantly from bottom to top. The fibres were long, thick-walled and highly rigid, and the derived indices do not satisfy the requirement as a superior fibrous raw material for pulp and paper making. However, this bamboo species has the potential for making good quality handicrafts and basketry.
 
Publisher Secretariat of Agency for Standardization of Environment and Forestry Instruments
 
Contributor Director, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science & Technology
 
Date 2021-04-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.forda-mof.org/ejournal-litbang/index.php/IJFR/article/view/5903
10.20886/ijfr.2021.8.1.99-110
 
Source Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research; Vol 8, No 1 (2021): Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research; 99-110
2406-8195
2355-7079
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://ejournal.forda-mof.org/ejournal-litbang/index.php/IJFR/article/view/5903/5400
http://ejournal.forda-mof.org/ejournal-litbang/index.php/IJFR/article/downloadSuppFile/5903/810
http://ejournal.forda-mof.org/ejournal-litbang/index.php/IJFR/article/downloadSuppFile/5903/811
http://ejournal.forda-mof.org/ejournal-litbang/index.php/IJFR/article/downloadSuppFile/5903/812
http://ejournal.forda-mof.org/ejournal-litbang/index.php/IJFR/article/downloadSuppFile/5903/813
http://ejournal.forda-mof.org/ejournal-litbang/index.php/IJFR/article/downloadSuppFile/5903/1017
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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