Lutar, esconder ou correr: como Tamandua tetradactyla (Mammalia) em cativeiro responde a pistas indiretas de um predador?

Pesquisa e Ensino em Ciências Exatas e da Natureza

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Title Lutar, esconder ou correr: como Tamandua tetradactyla (Mammalia) em cativeiro responde a pistas indiretas de um predador?
 
Creator Neto, Gilson de Souza Ferreira
Oliveira, Regison da Costa
Barros, Adamo Cardoso
Ribeiro, Renato Pereira
Melul, Raysa
Nomura, Fausto
 
Description No ambiente natural, os animais são expostos a uma grande quantidade de ameaças a sobrevivência. Considerar a ecologia do medo é importante para estimar o papel ecossistêmico que os predadores desempenham nas comunidades, uma vez que o medo de um predador pode provocar não somente respostas baseadas em densidade (i.e., remoção de indivíduos de uma população), como também respostas comportamentais, que podem resultar em efeitos em cascata. Comportamentos defensivos são relativamente simples de serem avaliados em situação de cativeiro, uma vez que são conspícuos e específicos, dificilmente sendo confundidos com outros comportamentos quando observados. Desta forma, o objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a habilidade de indivíduos de Tamandua tetradactyla (Linnaeus, 1758) em detectar pistas indiretas de um predador, para avaliação de risco do ambiente. Neste estudo, seis indivíduos de tamanduás-mirim (T. tetradactyla) em cativeiro foram expostos a pistas indiretas (e.g., urina e fezes) de jaguatirica (Leopardus pardalis). No total, cinco machos e uma fêmea de tamanduá foram observados pelo método de animal focal, em um esforço total de 36 horas de observação. Tamanduás-mirins alocados nos recintos com pistas indiretas do predador exibiram maior frequência de comportamentos anti-predatórios e diminuição dos comportamentos de inatividade. A utilização de pistas indiretas é vantajosa para indivíduos de tamanduá-mirim, pois permitem a avaliação de risco de uma determinada mancha do ambiente e elicia comportamentos de evitação, que são menos custosos energeticamente. A porcentagem de comportamentos também é apresentada com e sem as pistas indiretas do predador de T. tetradactyla, na qual pode ser útil para entender a capacidade de resposta de tamanduás-mirins a situações de perigo.Palavras chave: Ecologia do medo, tamanduá-mirim, jaguatirica, comportamentos anti-predatórios.
 
Publisher Unidade Acadêmica de Ciências Exatas e da Natureza/CFP/UFCG
 
Contributor
 
Date 2021-04-10
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://cfp.revistas.ufcg.edu.br/cfp/index.php/RPECEN/article/view/1689
10.29215/pecen.v5i0.1689
 
Source Pesquisa e Ensino em Ciências Exatas e da Natureza; v. 5 (2021): Pesquisa e Ensino em Ciências Exatas e da Natureza; e1689
2526-8236
10.29215/pecen.v5i0
 
Language por
 
Relation https://cfp.revistas.ufcg.edu.br/cfp/index.php/RPECEN/article/view/1689/pdf
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