From contraband to the consulate: John Smith Gillmer’s operation in Bahia (1826-1862)

Esboços - Revista do Programa de Pós-Graduação em História da UFSC

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Title From contraband to the consulate: John Smith Gillmer’s operation in Bahia (1826-1862)
Do contrabando ao consulado: a atuação do estadunidense John Smith Gillmer na Bahia (1826-1862)
 
Creator Santos, Silvana Andrade dos
 
Subject Tráfico de escravos
Brasil
Estados Unidos da América
Slave trade
Brazil
United States of America
 
Description In this article, we analyse the trajectory of American trader John Smith Gillmer in Bahia, from 1826 (year in which we located the first record of his operation in the province) until 1862 (year of his death). Based mainly on bibliographic review and news from periodicals, we seek to demonstrate that, in spite of the persecutions carried out by the United States government against citizens involved in slave trade to Brazil, certain agents, such as John Smith Gillmer, were able to achieve political projection, being even appointed to diplomatic posts, despite his known participation in the crime. The work is divided into three sections: in the first, we approach the insertion of John Smith Gillmer in the Brazilian economy; in the second, we deal with his participation in the slave trade to Bahia; and, in the third, we discuss his appointment as Consul of the United States in the province. Thus, we seek to highlight aspects of the complex process that involved the participation of Americans, as well as the intervention of the United States government, in the transatlantic slave trade to Brazil.
Neste artigo analisamos a trajetória do negociante estadunidense John Smith Gillmer na Bahia, de 1826 (ano em que localizamos o primeiro registro de sua atuação na província) até 1862 (ano de seu falecimento). Com base, principalmente, em revisão bibliográfica e notícias de periódicos, procuramos demonstrar que, na contramão das perseguições realizadas pelo governo dos Estados Unidos contra cidadão envolvidos no contrabando negreiro para o Brasil, determinados agentes, como John Smith Gillmer, conseguiram alcançar grande projeção política, ocupando inclusive cargos diplomáticos, a despeito da sua sabida participação no crime. O trabalho está dividido em três seções: na primeira, abordamos a inserção de John Smith Gillmer na economia brasileira; na segunda, tratamos sobre sua participação no contrabando negreiro para a Bahia; e, na terceira, versamos sobre sua alçada ao posto de Cônsul dos Estados Unidos na província.
 
Publisher Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
 
Date 2021-01-15
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://periodicos.ufsc.br/index.php/esbocos/article/view/74059
10.5007/2175-7976.2020.e74059
 
Source Esboços: histories in global contexts; Vol. 27 No. 46 (2020); 534-553
Esboços: histórias em contextos globais; v. 27 n. 46 (2020); 534-553
2175-7976
1414-722X
 
Language por
 
Relation https://periodicos.ufsc.br/index.php/esbocos/article/view/74059/45326
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Silvana Andrade dos Santos
 

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