FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN ASCARIASIS PADA MURID SEKOLAH DASAR

Majalah Kedokteran Andalas

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Title FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN ASCARIASIS PADA MURID SEKOLAH DASAR
 
Creator Ihsan, Atikah Mardhika
Rusjdi, Selfi Renita
Nurhajjah, Siti
 
Subject Ascariasis; higienitas perorangan; sanitasi; pengetahuan ibu; penghasilan; Ascariasis; individual hygiene; maternal knowledge; sanitation; income
 
Description AbstrakKejadian Ascariasis masih tinggi di Kota Padang, terutama pada anak usia sekolah dasar. Banyak faktor yang mempengaruhi tingginya kejadian Ascariasis ini. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian Ascariasis pada murid Sekolah Dasar. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik dengan metode cross sectional study yang dilakukan pada 122 murid SDN 25 dan 28 Purus, Kota Padang pada bulan Desember 2013. Faktor-faktor yang diteliti antara lain higienitas perorangan, tingkat pengetahuan ibu, sanitasi lingkungan, tempat tinggal, dan tingkat penghasilan orang tua. Hubungan antar variabel dianalisis dengan uji chi-square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa murid yang positif Ascariasis sebesar 34,4%. Kejadian Ascariasis ditemukan pada murid yang higienitas perorangan kurang baik sebesar 52%, tingkat pengetahuan ibu yang rendah sebesar 34,9%, sanitasi lingkungan yang kurang baik sebesar 29,3%, dan tingkat penghasilan orang tua yang rendah sebesar 37%. Analisis statistik menunjukkan tidak terdapat hubungan bermakna antara higienitas perorangan (p=0.06), pengetahuan ibu (p=1), sanitasi lingkungan (p=0,35), dan tingkat penghasilan orang tua (p=0,59) dengan kejadian Ascariasis. Kesimpulan: Kejadian Ascariasis pada pada murid SDN 25 dan 28 Purus, Kota Padang tahun 2013 tidak berkaitan dengan higienitas perorangan, pengetahuan ibu, sanitasi lingkungan, dan tingkat penghasilan orang tua.AbstractThe prevalence of Ascariasis is still high in Padang, especially at primary school age children. There are many factors contribute to the high incidence of this Ascariasis. The purpose of this study was to know the factors that associated with the incidence of Ascariasis in primary school. This study uses an analytical design method of cross -sectional study on 122 students in 25 and 28 primary school Purus, Padang in December 2013. The factors studied include personal hygiene, level of maternal knowledge, sanitary living environment, and the level of parental income. The relationship between all variables was analyzed by Chi-Square test. The results showed that students were positive Ascariasis was 34.4%. Ascariasis incidence in poor individual hygiene students was 52%, a low level of maternal knowledge was 34,9%, poor environmental sanitation was 29,3%, and a low level of parental income was 37%. Statistical analysis showed there was not significant relationship between the individual hygiene (p=0.06), the level of maternal knowledge (p=1), environmental sanitation (p=0,35), and the parental income (p=0,59) with Ascariasis. Conclusion: Ascariasis incidence in 25 and 28 primary school Purus, Padang in 2013 was not associated with individual hygiene, the level of maternal knowledge, environmental sanitation, and the parental income.
 
Publisher Faculty of Medicine Andalas University
 
Contributor
 
Date 2015-12-08
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://jurnalmka.fk.unand.ac.id/index.php/art/article/view/293
10.22338/mka.v38i2.293
 
Source Majalah Kedokteran Andalas; Vol 38, No.2, AGUSTUS 2015; 80-88
2442-5230
0126-2092
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://jurnalmka.fk.unand.ac.id/index.php/art/article/view/293/235
 
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