Hubungan Stunting dengan Prestasi Belajar Anak Sekolah Dasar di Daerah Kumuh, Kotamadya Jakarta Pusat

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

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Title Hubungan Stunting dengan Prestasi Belajar Anak Sekolah Dasar di Daerah Kumuh, Kotamadya Jakarta Pusat
 
Creator Arfines, Prisca Petty
Puspitasari, Fithia Dyah; Puslitbang Upaya Kesehatan Masyarakat, Balitbangkes RI
 
Subject Stunting; Learning achievements; School-aged children; Slum area; Learning concentration
 
Description AbstractProblems on nutrition deficiencies can occur in all age groups, including in school-aged children (6-12 years old). Families who live in slums were more likely to fail to meet the nutritional needs as well as unhygienic practice may increase the risk of infectious diseases. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between stunting and learning achievement of primary school children in slum areas in Central Jakarta. This study was an observational study with cross sectional design. Data were collected between June to November 2012 from students in six elementary schools of Kramat and Tanah Tinggi Sub-districts. Data collected were basic characteristics, hemoglobin (Hb) level, anthropometry, concentration score, learning achievement and food recall 1x24 hours. Respondents were 141 children consist of 86 girls (61%) and 55 boys (39%). Stunting proportion was 21.5% based on the screening measurement. Bivariate analysis revealed there was a relationship between HAZ (stunting indicator) and learning achievement of school-aged children.Keywords: stunting, learning achievements, school-aged children, slum area, learning concentrationAbstrakMasalah kekurangan gizi dapat terjadi pada semua kelompok umur, demikian pula pada anak umur sekolah (6–12 tahun). Keluarga yang hidup di daerah kumuh memiliki kecenderungan kurang dalam pemenuhan kebutuhan gizi beserta sanitasi lingkungan yang tidak sehat dapat meningkatkan risiko penyakit infeksi pada anak. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara status gizi pendek (stunting) dengan prestasi anak sekolah dasar di daerah kumuh di Kotamadya Jakarta Pusat. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan desain potong lintang. Pengambilan data dilakukan pada bulan Juni hingga November 2012 dari siswa/i dari 6 sekolah dasar di Kelurahan Kramat dan Tanah Tinggi. Data yang diambil meliputi karakteristik dasar, kadar hemoglobin (Hb), antropometri, skor konsentrasi, prestasi dan food recall 1x24 jam. Responden sejumlah 141 anak yang terdiri dari 86 anak perempuan (61%) dan 55 anak laki-laki (39%). Didapatkan proporsi status gizi pendek sebesar 21.5% dari pengukuran skrining. Dari analisis bivariat dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara z-score TB/U (indikator stunting) dengan prestasi belajar anak.Kata kunci: status gizi pendek, prestasi belajar, anak sekolah, daerah kumuh, konsentrasi belajar.
 
Publisher Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
 
Contributor Balitbangkes
 
Date 2017-03-31
 
Type
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/5798
10.22435/bpk.v45i1.5798.45-52
 
Source Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan; Vol 45, No 1 (2017); 45-52
 
Language en
 
Relation http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/5798/11452
 
Rights The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development) as publisher of the journal.Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development).Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development), the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal.
 

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