Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Hipertensi pada Penduduk Indonesia yang Menderita Diabetes Melitus (Data Riskesdas 2013)

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

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Title Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Hipertensi pada Penduduk Indonesia yang Menderita Diabetes Melitus (Data Riskesdas 2013)
 
Creator Sihombing, Marice
 
Subject diabetes, hipertensi, risiko, Riskesdas 2013
 
Description AbstractPrevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension is increasing worldwide due to lifestyle changes. Both of them increase the risk of cardiovascular and renal diseases. This study aimed to assess the association of several factors with hypertension among DM people based on Basic Health Research 2013 data. DM respondents was selected based on having been diagnosed as DM by medical doctors or was taking DM medication, or blood glucose examination confirmed DM according to Perkeni consensus 2011. Hypertension was defined based on having diagnosed by health providers or was taking antihypertension medication or blood pressure examination showing systolic pressure of ≥140 mmHg, and/or diastolic pressure of ≥90 mmHg. There were 5253 respondents with DM, consisted of 1966 males (37.4%), and 3287 females (62.6%). The proportion of hypertension was 51.8% (95%CI: 49.4-54.2), 45.8% males, and 55.4% females with p≥0.05. The risk of hypertension increased among respondents aged 45 years and over by 2.63 times, mental emotional disorders (2.19 times), central obesity (1.75 times), hypercholesterolemia (1.68 times), general obesity (1.57 times), unemployed (1.39 times), low education (1.30 times) with p<0.05. Several of those factors were preventable and controllable. Hence, health promotion and disease prevention should be encouraged.Key word: diabetes, hypertension, risk factor, basic health research 2013AbstrakPrevalensi Diabetes Melitus (DM) dan hipertensi terus meningkat di dunia karena perubahan gaya hidup. Keduanya meningkatkan risiko penyakit kardiovakuler dan penyakit ginjal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan faktor yang berhubungan dengan hipertensi pada penduduk DM di Indonesia berdasarkan data Riskesdas 2013. Desain penelitian adalah cross sectional. Responden telah didiagnosis DM oleh dokter atau sedang minum obat DM dari hasil wawancara atau kadar glukosa darah memenuhi kriteria DM menurut konsensus Perkeni 2011. Responden dinyatakan hipertensi bila pernah didiagnosis oleh tenaga kesehatan atau sedang minum obat anti hipertensi dari hasil wawancara atau pengukuran tekanan darah rata-rata sistolik ≥140 mmHg, dan atau diastolik ≥90 mmHg. Jumlah penduduk DM sebanyak 5253 orang yang terdiri atas 1966 orang (37,4%) laki laki dan 3287 orang (62,6%) perempuan. Proporsi hipertensi sebesar 51,8% (95%CI: 49,4-54,2), laki laki (45,8%), perempuan (55,4%) dengan p≥0,05. Risiko hipertensi meningkat pada kelompok umur ≥ 45 tahun sebesar 2,63 kali, gangguan mental emosional 2,19 kali, obesitas sentral 1,75 kali, kolesterol total 1,68 kali, obesitas umum 1,57 kali, tidak bekerja 1,39 kali, pendidikan rendah 1,30 kali dengan p <0,05. Beberapa faktor tersebut dapat dikendalikan dan dikontrol. Upaya pencegahan dan pengendalian perlu digiatkan.Kata kunci: diabetes, hipertensi, faktor risiko, Riskesdas 2013
 
Publisher Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
 
Contributor
 
Date 2017-03-31
 
Type
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/5730
10.22435/bpk.v45i1.5730.53-64
 
Source Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan; Vol 45, No 1 (2017); 53-64
 
Language id
 
Relation http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/5730/11860
http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/downloadSuppFile/5730/11861
 
Rights The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development) as publisher of the journal.Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development).Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development), the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal.
 

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