Bagaimana Kebijakan Pemerintah Daerah di Provinsi Jawa Barat Dalam Implementasi Layanan Pencegahan Penularan HIV-AIDS dari Ibu ke Anak (PPIA)

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

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Title Bagaimana Kebijakan Pemerintah Daerah di Provinsi Jawa Barat Dalam Implementasi Layanan Pencegahan Penularan HIV-AIDS dari Ibu ke Anak (PPIA)
 
Creator Sugiharti, Sugiharti; Puslitbang Upaya Kesehatan Masyarakat, Balitbangkes, Jakarta
Lestary, Heny; Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Upaya Kesehatan Masyarakat Jl. Percetakan Negara 29 Jakarta 10560, Indonesia
 
Subject PPIA, HIV-AIDS, Pemerintah Daerah, KIA
 
Description Abstract Increasing cases of HIV-AIDS transmission in women and children were becoming more and more alarming The central government policy to prevent the transmission of HIV-AIDS had been carried out since 2002, but its implementation has not been satisfactory. Therefore, it is needed to review the local government policy in the prevention and control of HIV-AIDS transmission from mother to child (PMTCT). The study was carried out in West Java province and its 3 cities/districts as the province was one of the five provinces with highest HIV-AIDS cases in Indonesia using. qualitative study through in-depth interviews with the stakeholders of HIV-AIDS programs .The study revealed that West Java province had no adequate local policies and its current policy was not specifically for the PMTCT but it remained in general about HIV-AIDS. Moreover, the policies in the three districts and municipality were the same as of the central and provincial .Clear policy from the local government on PMTCT should be formulated through District Health Office for the implementation of the PMTCT services, including the provision of PMTCT budget ranging from promotive, preventive, currative, and rehabilitative programs. Keywords: PMTCT, HIV-AIDS, local government, MCH AbstrakPeningkatan kasus infeksi HIV-AIDS pada perempuan dan anak makin hari makin mengkhawatirkan. Kebijakan pemerintah pusat untuk mencegah penularan HIV-AIDS sudah digulirkan sejak tahun 2002, namun implementasinya di lapangan masih belum sesuai dengan yang diharapkan. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui bagaimana kebijakan pemerintah daerah provinsi dan 3 kota di Jawa Barat dalam implementasi layanan pencegahan penularan HIV-AIDS dari ibu ke anak (PPIA). Metodenya adalah kualitatif dengan melakukan wawancara mendalam pada pemegang program HIV-AIDS di Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi dan Kota. Provinsi Jawa Barat dan 3 kota/kabupaten lainnya belum terdapat kebijakan yang adekuat, karena belum ada kebijakan secara khusus untuk PPIA. Disamping itu tiga kota/kabupaten masih menggunakan kebijakan dari pusat dan provinsi. Sebaiknya ada kebijakan tertulis dari pemerintah daerah melalui dinas kesehatan untuk implementasi layanan PPIA, misalnya dengan memasukkan anggaran PPIA secara khusus ke dalam APBD, baik untuk kegiatan promotif, preventif, kuratif, maupun rehabilitatif. Dengan adanya kebijakan pemerintah daerah dapat memberikan lingkungan yang kondusif bagi terselenggaranya upaya pencegahan dan penanggulangan penularan HIV dari ibu ke anak.Kata kunci : PPIA, HIV-AIDS, Pemerintah Daerah, KIA
 
Publisher Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
 
Contributor Badan Litbang Kesehatan
 
Date 2016-12-30
 
Type
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/5555
10.22435/bpk.v44i4.5555.253-264
 
Source Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan; Vol 44, No 4 (2016); 253-264
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan; Vol 44, No 4 (2016); 253-264
 
Language id
 
Rights The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development) as publisher of the journal.Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development).Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development), the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal.
 

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