Gambaran Bakteri Ulkus Diabetikum di Rumah Sakit Zainal Abidin dan Meuraxa Tahun 2015

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

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Field Value
 
Title Gambaran Bakteri Ulkus Diabetikum di Rumah Sakit Zainal Abidin dan Meuraxa Tahun 2015
 
Creator Nur, Abidah
Marissa, Nelly; Loka Penelitian dan Pengembangan Biomedis Aceh, Indonesia Jl. Sultan Iskandar Muda Blang Bintang Lr. Tgk Dilangga No.9 Lambaro Aceh Besar, Indonesia
 
Subject antibiotic, bacteria, diabetic ulcer
 
Description Abstract Ulcer is a complication of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) that begins with a superficial infection of the patient’s skin. High blood glucose levels become a strategic development of bacteria. The study aimed to get a description of diabetic ulcer bacteria among diabetic patients at RSUD Zainal Abidin and Meuraxa in 2015. This study was a descriptive study with cross-sectional design. Subjects were DM patients with ulcers of 57 patients at the two hospitals in the period November to December 2015. Most respondents were females (31), elderly (53), suffering from diabetes more than one year (52), blood sugar levels were not controlled (35) and accompanied comorbidities (33). Consecutively, most of bacteria found were Staphylococcus sp. (92.9%), Klebsiella sp. (75.4%), Proteus sp. (73.7%), Shigella sp. (68.4%), E. coli sp. (42.1%), and Pseudomonas sp. (10.5%). Amoxicillin had the highest level of resistance to bacterial (32), except for Staphylococcus sp. The majority of respondents (42%) which resistant to amoxicillin were females, adult ages, patients suffering from diabetes for over a year with poorly controlled blood sugar levels without complication illness. Amoxicillin antibiotic used for the treatment of ulcers should be reviewed because there were some bacteria that were resistant to these antibiotics. Key word : antibiotic, bacteria, diabetic ulcer AbstrakUlkus merupakan komplikasi dari Diabetes Mellitus (DM) yang diawali dengan infeksi superficial pada kulit penderita. Kadar glukosa darah yang tinggi menjadi tempat strategis perkembangan bakteri. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mendapatkan gambaran bakteri ulkus diabetikum di Rumah Sakit Umum Zainal Abidin dan Meuraxa tahun 2015. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif dengan desain potong lintang. Subjek penelitian adalah pasien DM dengan ulkus berjumlah 57 pasien yang berobat di RSUD Zainal Abidin dan Meuraxa Banda Aceh periode November-Desember 2015. Gambaran subjek penelitian dengan jenis kelamin perempuan (31), lanjut usia (53), menderita DM lebih dari satu tahun (52), kadar gula darah tidak terkontrol (35) dan diserta penyakit penyerta (33). Jenis bakteri yang paling banyak ditemukan dalam pus ulkus diabetikum berturut-turut adalah Staphylococcus sp.(92,9%), Klebsiella sp. (75,4%), Proteus sp. (73,7%), Shigella sp. (68,4%), E.coli sp. (42,1%), dan Pseudomonas sp. (10,5%). Amoxicillin menduduki peringkat tertinggi tingkat resistensi dengan jumlah resistensi bakteri terbanyak (32), kecuali pada Staphylococcus sp. Sebagian besar responden (42%) yang resisten terhadap amoxicillin adalah perempuan, berusia dewasa, menderita DM lebih dari satu tahun dengan kadar gula darah tidak terkontrol tanpa penyakit penyerta. Antibiotik amoxicillin yang digunakan untuk pengobatan ulkus sebaiknya dikaji ulang karena terdapat beberapa bakteri yang sudah resisten dengan antibiotik tersebut.Kata kunci : ulkus diabetikum, bakteri, antibiotik
 
Publisher Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
 
Contributor Loka Penelitian dan Pengembangan Biomedis Aceh Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan
 
Date 2016-12-28
 
Type
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/5048
10.22435/bpk.v44i3.5048.187-196
 
Source Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan; Vol 44, No 3 (2016); 187-196
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan; Vol 44, No 3 (2016); 187-196
 
Language id
 
Rights The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development) as publisher of the journal.Copyright encompasses exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. The reproduction of any part of this journal, its storage in databases and its transmission by any form or media, such as electronic, electrostatic and mechanical copies, photocopies, recordings, magnetic media, etc. , will be allowed only with a written permission from Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development).Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) and Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development), the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal.
 

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