Diet Composition of Forest Inhabiting Cape Buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer) in Western Ethiopia

Ensino de Ciências e Tecnologia em Revista - ENCITEC

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Title Diet Composition of Forest Inhabiting Cape Buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer) in Western Ethiopia
Creator Erena, Mosissa Geleta; Department of Biology, Wollega University, P.O. Box 395, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Bekele, Afework; Department of Zoological Sciences, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Debella, Habte Jebessa; Department of Zoological Sciences, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Subject animal ecology
African Buffalo; Diet Composition; Diet Quality; Ethiopia; Forest Inhabiting
feeding ecology
Description This study investigated the diet composition of Cape buffalo in Jorgo-Wato Protected Forest. Diet composition was determined through feeding quadrat survey method. Grass as a mode of diet contributed 82.6%, whereas browse contributed 17.4% to the annual diet of Cape buffalo. Graminoids (Poaceae and Cyperaceae) formed the bulk of food available and eaten by Cape buffalo in both seasons (dry and wet season). However, the contributions of graminoids were higher in the dry season than the wet season, whereas the contribution of browse was high in the wet than the dry seasons. Panicum hochstetteri and Setaria poiretiana have the highest availability, acceptability and dietary contribution in the diet of Cape buffalo in Jorgo-Wato Protected Forest. Faecal nitrogen and phosphorus content analysis indicated mean nitrogen of 18.4±0.53 g kg-1 in the wet and 17.7±0.71 g kg-1 in the dry seasons. It also revealed mean faecal phosphorus content of 4.3±0.39 g kg-1 in the wet and 3.9±0.36 g kg-1 in the dry seasons. The mean faecal nitrogen and phosphorus content of Jorgo-Wato buffalo were above the minimum threshold level in both seasons. Though Cape buffalo inhabit pure forested habitat, they found replacement in the forest to find adequate shade tolerant grass species that produce sprouts and green foliage throughout the year. Faecal nitrogen and phosphorus analysis also revealed that forest inhabited Cape buffalo obtain more quality diet than those dwelling in open savanna habitats especially in the dry season where forages dieback over the course of the dry season. Despite the pure forested habitats of Jorgo-Wato Protected Forest, Cape buffalo has confirmed that they remain grazers even in forested habitats of limited grass diversity.
Date 2019-03-22
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Source International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences; Vol 45, No 2 (2019); 165-178
Language eng
Coverage Ethiopia
Rights The copyright of the journal vests totally with the NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ECOLOGY.This Journal is registered at the Copyright Clearance Center Inc. (CCC), 222 Rosewood Drive, Suite 910, Danvers, MA 01923, USA. The copyright owner consents that in the U.S.A. copies of the articles may be made for personal or internal use, or the personal or internal use of specific clients, on payment of a fee of US $ 25.00 per article per copy directly to CCC, for copying beyond that permitted by sections 107 or 108 of the US Copyright Law. This consent does not extend to other kinds of copying, such as copying for general distribution, for advertising or promotional purposes, for creating new collective works or for resale. The ONLINE OPEN ACCESS Content of the Journal is only for use of individuals. ANY person or publisher who dowloads the articles and reproduces them in any form- electronic, on a CD/DVD or in print for sale and commercial use shall be prosecuted.

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