Land Use Changes and Their Impact on Groundwater Quality in Mid Hills of Himachal Pradesh

Ensino de Ciências e Tecnologia em Revista - ENCITEC

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Title Land Use Changes and Their Impact on Groundwater Quality in Mid Hills of Himachal Pradesh
 
Creator Vaidya, Pratima; Department of Environmental Science, Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India-173230
Bhardwaj, Satish Kumar; Department of Environmental Science, Dr Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India-173230
 
Subject Environmental impacts
BOD; COD; Forest; Heavy Metals; Intensive Farming; Orchard; Urban; Vegetable
Land use change
 
Description Impact of dominant land use changes on groundwater quality was assessed in mid hills of Himachal Pradesh. Area under vegetable, orchard and urban settlements has increased, whereas traditional agriculture and forest has decreased in the region during last 30 years. To assess the impact of such changes on groundwater quality an experiment was designed by taking five dominant land uses viz., traditional agriculture, commercial vegetable farming, orchard, forest and urban under randomized block design with four replications in Kullu and Solan district. 60 ground water samples were collected and analyzed for various water quality parameters. Study revealed that the land use changes have exerted significant influence on ground water quality parameters like EC, BOD, COD, chloride, nitrate, sulphate, Ca, Mg, Fe, Pb, Cd and Cr. The BOD, COD Cl, NO3, SO4, Ca and Mg concentration in groundwater varied in the order of land use:  urban > vegetable > orchard > traditional agriculture > forest. Vegetable and urban land uses have started to adversely influence groundwater quality by exceeding the values of heavy metals over permissible limits.
 
Publisher NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ECOLOGY
 
Date 2018-04-10
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://nieindia.org/Journal/index.php/ijees/article/view/1380
 
Source International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences; Vol 44, No 2 (2018); 127-134
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://nieindia.org/Journal/index.php/ijees/article/view/1380/414
 
Coverage Himachal Pradesh
 
Rights The copyright of the journal vests totally with the NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ECOLOGY.This Journal is registered at the Copyright Clearance Center Inc. (CCC), 222 Rosewood Drive, Suite 910, Danvers, MA 01923, USA. The copyright owner consents that in the U.S.A. copies of the articles may be made for personal or internal use, or the personal or internal use of specific clients, on payment of a fee of US $ 25.00 per article per copy directly to CCC, for copying beyond that permitted by sections 107 or 108 of the US Copyright Law. This consent does not extend to other kinds of copying, such as copying for general distribution, for advertising or promotional purposes, for creating new collective works or for resale. The ONLINE OPEN ACCESS Content of the Journal is only for use of individuals. ANY person or publisher who dowloads the articles and reproduces them in any form- electronic, on a CD/DVD or in print for sale and commercial use shall be prosecuted.
 

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