Mengoptimalkan Kemampuan Berbahasa Anak Usia Dini Melalui Metode Bercerita

PINUS: Jurnal Penelitian Inovasi Pembelajaran

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Title Mengoptimalkan Kemampuan Berbahasa Anak Usia Dini Melalui Metode Bercerita
Mengoptimalkan Kemampuan Berbahasa Anak Usia Dini Melalui Metode Bercerita
 
Creator Nuzula Apriliyana, Firdausi
 
Subject Storytelling Method
Language Ability
Metode Bercerita
Kemampuan Berbahasa
 
Description Children's language skills in listening and speaking activities are not optimal, children's vocabulary is still limited, so that children in conveying ideas, answering questions, repeating stories and telling stories about their experiences have not been achieved as expected. The purpose of this research is to analyze the effect of storytelling methods on the development of language skills in early childhood. This type of research is an experimental study with a nonequivalent control group design. The research was carried out in KB 'Aisyiyah Mentari Tuban with 32 children as subjects. The number of subjects was divided into 2 groups, namely the control and experimental groups as a comparison of the development of language skills. Collecting research data using observation and documentation techniques. The validity test with the Pearson correlation and the reliability test with Cronbach Alpha were carried out first then analyzed the data with the t test. The results of this study were proven by using the storytelling method to optimize early childhood language skills. Calculation using the t-test for all indicators> t critical 1.7530, it can be concluded that H0 is rejected, H1 is accepted. This means that there is an effect of storytelling methods for all indicators on children's language skills. Suggestions for educators and PAUD institutions to implement storytelling methods as a method that can stimulate children's language skills.
 
Keywords: Storytelling Method, Language Ability
 
Kemampuan berbahasa anak dalam kegiatan menyimak dan berbicara belum optimal, perbendaharaan kosa kata anak masih terbatas, sehingga anak dalam menyampaikan ide, menjawab pertanyaan, mengulang kembali cerita, dan bercerita pengalamannya masih belum tercapai sesuai harapan. Tujuan pelaksanaan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis pengaruh metode bercerita terhadap perkembangan kemampuan berbahasa anak usia dini. Jenis penelitiannya ini adalah penelitian eksperimen dengan bentuk rancangan nonequivalent control group design. Pelaksanaan penelitian ini di KB ‘Aisyiyah Mentari Tuban dengan jumlah subjek 32 anak. Jumlah subjek tersebut dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok yaitu kelompok kontrol dan eksperimen sebagai perbandingan perkembangan kemampuan berbahasa. Pengumpulan data penelitian menggunakan teknik observasi dan dokumentasi. Uji validitas dengan pearson correlation dan uji reliabilitas dengan Cronbach Alpha dilaksanakan terlebih dahulu kemudian menganalisis data dengan uji t. Hasil penelitian ini dibuktikan dengan metode bercerita bisa mengoptimalkan kemampuan berbahasa anak usia dini. Perhitungan dengan uji t hitung untuk semua indikator > t kritis 1.7530, maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa H0 ditolak, H1 diterima. Artinya ada pengaruh metode bercerita untuk semua indikator terhadap kemampuan berbahasa anak. Saran bagi pendidik dan lembaga PAUD agar dapat mengimplementasikan metode bercerita sebagai metode yang dapat menstimulasi kemampuan berbahasa anak.
Kata Kunci: Metode Bercerita, Kemampuan Berbahasa
 
Publisher Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri
 
Date 2020-11-27
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://ojs.unpkediri.ac.id/index.php/pinus/article/view/14594
10.29407/pn.v6i1.14594
 
Source PINUS: Jurnal Penelitian Inovasi Pembelajaran; Vol. 6 No. 1 (2020): Volume 6 Nomor 1 Tahun 2020; 109-118
PINUS: Jurnal Penelitian Inovasi Pembelajaran; Vol 6 No 1 (2020): Volume 6 Nomor 1 Tahun 2020; 109-118
2442-9163
2621-2390
10.29407/pn.v6i1
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://ojs.unpkediri.ac.id/index.php/pinus/article/view/14594/1857
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Firdausi Nuzula Apriliyana
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
 

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