Analysis of Sight Distance at an AT-grade Intersection

4th International Conference on Road and Rail Infrastructure (CETRA 2016)

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Title Analysis of Sight Distance at an AT-grade Intersection
Creator Ivana Pranjić; University of Rijeka Faculty of Civil Engineering
Aleksandra Deluka Tibljaš; University of Rijeka Faculty of Civil Engineering
Dražen Cvitanić; University of Split Faculty of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Geodesy
Sanja Šurdonja; University of Rijeka Faculty of Civil Engineering
Subject sight distance; at-grade intersection; calculation models
Description Maneuvering distance and stopping sight distance are important traffic safety elements at an at-grade intersection. Croatian official standard for sight distance calculation (HRN.U.C4.050) dates from 1990. This regulation treats sight distance values in a very simplified way. The mentioned regulation seems to be outdated since various researches of real traffic conditions at an at-grade intersection have been conducted to detect significant factors influencing sight distance. In this paper an overview of sight distance calculation methods according to Croatian official standard (HRN.U.C4.050), and additionally according to Croatian guidelines for urban intersection design from the traffic safety aspect (Hrvatske ceste, 2004.), American guidelines for geometric design of highways and streets – The Greenbook (AASHTO, 2001.) and PIARC Road Safety Manual (2003.) is done. These calculation methods were applied at an at-grade intersection in City of Rijeka, where necessary calculation parameters (vehicle speed, friction coefficient) were collected at the site. This intersection is distinctive for greater amount of traffic accidents due to lack of maneuvering and stopping sight distance. The conducted analysis of different sight distance calculation methods shows that inspected calculation methods differ for calculation parameters and consequently given sight distance values. The sight distances obtained with suggested calculations from Croatian standard are in all cases less conservative than the sight distances calculated with other, more detailed methods. This is why a revision of current Croatian regulations concerning sight distance is suggested.
Publisher CETRA 2016
Contributor University of Rijeka
Date 2017-02-28 15:12:57
Type Peer-reviewed Paper
Format application/pdf
Source CETRA 2016; 4th International Conference on Road and Rail Infrastructure
Language en
Rights Authors who submit to this conference agree to the following terms:<br /> <strong>a)</strong> Authors retain copyright over their work, while allowing the conference to place this unpublished work under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>, which allows others to freely access, use, and share the work, with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and its initial presentation at this conference. <br /> <strong>b)</strong> Submitted full papers will be published in the book of proceedings "Road and Rail Infrastructure IV" as well as in digital form (on a CD). Conference organiser is allowed to publish author's names, institution and country as well as the paper abstract on the conference web site.

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