Clinical and diagnostic pathways in pediatric fungal infections

Reviews in Health Care

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Title Clinical and diagnostic pathways in pediatric fungal infections
Creator Castagnola, Elio
Fungal infections; Children; Risk factors; Underlying pathologies; Oncology; Leukemia
Description Generally speaking, in pediatrics the patients mostly affected by fungal infections are hematological patients, followed by those with solid tumors, and transplant recipients. Candida infections generally occur just after birth, whereas Aspergillus infections are age-related, and increase their incidence with age. However, among infections, the incidence of bacteremias are still greater than that of mycoses. In pediatrics, in Italy the immunocompromised patients – thus particularly susceptible to fungal infections – are mainly those with severe combined immunodeficiency, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, and chronic granulomatous disease. Particular Aspergillus or Scedosporium infections should be considered in peculiar kinds of patients, such as those affected by cystic fibrosis. Finally, different kinds of fungi should be considered in those who come from or spend a lot time in specific areas, such as South America (e.g. coccidioidomycoses, for which differential diagnosis is with tuberculosis).
Publisher SEEd
Contributor Il presente Congress Report è stato supportato da Astellas Pharma SpA
Date 2013-07-11
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article

Format text/html
Source Reviews in Health Care; Vol 4, No 1S (2013); 19-26
Language eng

Rights Copyright (c) 2013 Seed

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