Aerobic capacity and its relationship with parameters of health-related fitness in schoolchildren

Revista Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud UDES

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Title Aerobic capacity and its relationship with parameters of health-related fitness in schoolchildren
Capacidad aeróbica y su relación con parámetros de la condición física saludable en escolares
 
Creator Guillamón, Andrés Rosa
García-Cantó, Eliseo
Pérez Soto, Juan José
Rodríguez García, Pedro Luís
 
Subject Health; physical fitness; exercise; obesity. (Source: DeCS BIREME)
Salud; aptitud física; ejercicio físico; obesidad. (Fuente: DeCS BIREME)
 
Description Background and objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between aerobic capacity and other parameters determining fitness in primary school. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study, 298 schoolchildren (139 males and 159 females) aged 8-12. Body composition (weight and height) and physical fitness (capacity, motor aerobic and musculoskeletal) was assessed by ALPHA-Fitness battery. Aerobic capacity and body mass index (under/normal-weight and overweight/obesity) were categorized using standard criteria. The variable motor / muscle overall capacity was calculated, and the maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max) was indirectly estimated.  Results: The analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) found that men have better values in the test 4x10m (p <0.001), longitudinal jump (p <0.001), Course-Navette (p <0.001) and in VO2max (p <0.001). The ANOVA test showed that schoolchildren with better aerobic capacity have lower weight and body mass index (p <0.001 for both), better performance in the test longitudinal jump (p <0.001) and better overall motor / muscle capacity, and increased VO2max (p <0.001 for both). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that schoolchildren with healthy cardiorespiratory fitness had better physical fitness and are more likely to have healthy anthropometric parameters.
Introducción y objetivo: El objetivo del presente estudio, consistió en analizar la relación entre la capacidad aeróbica y otros parámetros determinantes de la condición física en escolares de primaria. Metodología: Estudio descriptivo-transversal con 298 escolares (139 varones y 159 mujeres) de 8-12 años. Se evaluó la composición corporal (peso y talla) y la condición física (capacidad músculo-esquelética, motora y aeróbica) mediante la Batería ALPHA-Fitness. La capacidad aeróbica e índice de masa corporal (bajo/peso-normo/peso y sobrepeso/obesidad) fueron categorizados usando criterios estándar. Se calculó la variable capacidad motora/muscular global y se estimó indirectamente el consumo máximo de oxígeno (VO2máx).  Resultados: El análisis de la covarianza (ANCOVA) detectó que los varones presentan mejores valores en el test 4x10m (p < 0,001), salto longitudinal (p < 0,001), Course-Navette (p < 0,001), y en el VO2máx (p < 0,001). La prueba ANOVA mostró que los escolares con mayor capacidad aeróbica poseen un menor peso e índice de masa corporal (p < 0,001, para ambos), un mejor rendimiento en el test de salto longitudinal (p < 0,001), así como una mejor capacidad motora/muscular global y un mayor VO2máx (p < 0,001, para ambos). Conclusiones: Los resultados del presente estudio sugieren que los escolares con un nivel saludable de capacidad aeróbica presentan una forma física más óptima y una mayor tendencia a poseer parámetros antropométricos saludables.
 
Publisher Universidad de Santander (UDES)
 
Contributor

 
Date 2015-12-30
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Original Article

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier https://journalhealthsciences.com/index.php/UDES/article/view/58
10.20320/rfcsudes.v2i2.58
 
Source Revista Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud UDES; Vol. 2, Núm. 2 (2015); 90-96
Revista Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud UDES; Vol. 2, Núm. 2 (2015); 90-96
2422-1074
2422-1074
 
Language spa
 
Relation https://journalhealthsciences.com/index.php/UDES/article/view/58/O.3%20Guillamon
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