AJARAN-AJARAN TASAWUF DALAM SASTRA KITAB “RI’AYAH AL-HIMMAH” KARYA SYEKH AHMAD RIFA’I

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Title AJARAN-AJARAN TASAWUF DALAM SASTRA KITAB “RI’AYAH AL-HIMMAH” KARYA SYEKH AHMAD RIFA’I
 
Creator Nasrudin, Nasrudin
 
Subject literature; classical book; Ri’yah al-Himmah; Neosufism; tasawuf
 
Description Literary works of classical (religious) books are works of literaturecovering many disciplines, such as theology, fiqh (jurisprudence), hadis, and mysticism (tasawuf). Mysticism takes an important part since there are many of its experts or Sufi who are able to deliver Islamic teaching in accordance to the different levels of understanding of the society. Many of their works were written in Arabic alphabetical system, but the languages are Javanese, Sundanese, and Malay. The presence of Syekh Ahmad Rifa’i has influenced the works of classical literature. One of his works isRi’ayah al-Himmah, which is written in Javanese language with Arabic alphabetical system and in the form of nazam. In the middle of reform of Islamic world, Syekh Ahmad Rifa’i gave a good contribution in the reform of tasawuf. His spirit to harmonize the teaching of tasawuf in order not in contrast with Islamic law (syariat) is obvious. He taught zuhud, ikhlas, sabar, tawakal, ridlo as good attitude of Sufi/Salik to have spiritful,progressive, and optimistic life, not a fatalistic and pessimistic one. Sastra kitab merupakan jenis sastra yang mencakup berbagai bidang seperti ilmu kalam, fiqh, hadis dan tasawuf. Tasawuf menjadi bagian penting karena banyak para ahli tasawuf atau sufi yang mampu menyampaikan ajaran-ajaran Islam yang disesuaikan dengan tingkat pemahaman masyarakat. Karya-karya yang mereka tulis banyak yang berhuruf arabsedangkan bahasanya adalah bahasa jawa, sunda dan melayu. Kehadiran Syekh Ahmad Rifa’i telah mewarnai hazanah karya sastra kitab di Jawa. Salah satu karyanya adalah “Ri’ayah al-Himmah”. Kitab ini ditulis dengan bahasa jawa dan menggunakan huruf arab dan diuntai dalam bentuk nazam.Ditengah-tengah munculnya pembaharuan dalam dunia Islam Syekh Ahmad Rifa’i telah memberikan andil yang baik dalam kaitannya dengan pembaharuan di bidang tasawuf. Semangat beliau untuk menselaraskan ajaran-ajaran tasawuf agar tidak bertentangan dengan syari’at Islam sangatlah jelas. Ia mengajarkan zuhud, ikhkas, sabar, tawakkal, ridho sebagai sifat terpuji bagi para sufi/salik agar mempunyai semangat hidupyang progresif dan optimis bukan fatalis dan pesimis.
 
Publisher IAIN Purwokerto
 
Contributor
 
Date 2016-01-29
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Peer-reviewed Article

 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://ejournal.iainpurwokerto.ac.id/index.php/ibda/article/view/497
10.34521/ibda.v15i1.497.114-133
 
Source IBDA': Jurnal Kebudayaan Islam; Vol 13, No 1 (2015): Januari 2015; 114-133
2477-5517
1693-6736
 
Language eng
 
Relation http://ejournal.iainpurwokerto.ac.id/index.php/ibda/article/view/497/448
 
Coverage


 
Rights Copyright (c) 2016 IBDA'
 

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