Path Relationship of Time Management and Academic Achievement of Students in Distance Learning Institutions

Pakistan Journal of Distance And Online Learning

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Title Path Relationship of Time Management and Academic Achievement of Students in Distance Learning Institutions
Batool, Dr. Ayesha
Ch., Dr. Abid Hussain
Description The primary achievement of distance and regular students is managing time effectively. Mismanagement disturbs the academic achievements of learners. Time administration plays a significant role in improving learners’ performance and accomplishments. It is a skill to manage time and every learner must familiar and command on this skill for the sake of better results. A student can only survive if he/she has ability of time utilization properly. The motive of this study was to establish path relationship of time management and academic achievement of students in distance learning institutions through structural equation modeling. The population of the study was consisted of distance learning students of Virtual and Allama Iqbal Open Universities. Four hundred participants belongs to different departments were participated conveniently in this study. Self-developed questionnaires regarding time management and academic achievement on five point likert scale were used to collect data from respondents. Validity was ensured by field experts before using scales. Internal consistency was checked among items by applying Cronbach alpha, rho-a, and composite reliability for reliability confirmation of scales. All three techniques verified that instruments are valid and reliable. Data were analyzed by smartpls for path analysis. There was strong positive relationship between time management and academic achievement r = .778 of distance learning students. It is concluded that both variables are associated with each other and time utilization skill affects students learning seriously. Students of web-based learning may more focus on proper time managing ability for better academic success.
Key words: Time management, academic achievement, distance learning, and path analysis.
Publisher Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad
Date 2020-05-03
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer-reviewed Article
Format application/pdf
Source Pakistan Journal Of Distance And Online Learning; Vol 5, No 2 (2019)
Language eng
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Pakistan Journal Of Distance And Online Learning

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