Factors related to preventive attitudes and measures against COVID-19 pandemic

Revista MVZ Córdoba

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Title Factors related to preventive attitudes and measures against COVID-19 pandemic
Factores asociados a las actitudes y prácticas preventivas frente a la pandemia del COVID-19
 
Creator Yupari-Azabache, Irma Luz
Díaz-Ortega, Jorge
Rodríguez-Diaz, Angela
Peralta-Iparraguirre, Ana
 
Description Objective: This research aims to analyze the relation between biological, social and cultural factors regarding the attitudes and preventive measures against COVID-19 among citizens of Trujillo- Peru. Material and Methods: This is a descriptive research, with a quantitative approach and a correlational, prospective and design. A previously validated questionnaire was used to collect certain biological, social and cultural data, as well as attitudes and preventive measures against COVID-19 among 185 citizens of Trujillo. Due to the quarantine and the Sanitary National Emergency, the collection of data was done by virtual means. Results: Citizens between 18 and 29 years old have inappropriate attitudes (12.4%) and inappropriate preventive measures (8.6%). Also, males have inappropriate attitudes and inappropriate preventive measures. Moreover, single citizens or unmarried couples without children have inappropriate attitudes (14.1%) and inappropriate practices (13%). Conclusions: Among biological factors, age and gender are related to attitudes and preventive measures regarding the pandemic. Among social factors, marital status and parenthood are related to attitudes and preventive measures regarding the pandemic. And among the cultural factor, knowledge of this disease and the measures to be taken are related to the preventive measures against COVID-19.
Objetivo: La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo analizar si existe relación entre los factores biológicos, sociales y culturales con las actitudes y prácticas preventivas frente a la pandemia del COVID-19 en ciudadanos de Trujillo- Perú. Material y Métodos: Tipo de estudio descriptivo, de enfoque cuantitativo y diseño correlacional, prospectivo, de corte transversal. Mediante un cuestionario previamente validado se tomaron datos de ciertos factores biológicos, sociales y culturales, así como de las actitudes y prácticas preventivas frente al COVID-19 en 185 ciudadanos de Trujillo. Por encontrarnos en cuarentena debido a la emergencia sanitaria, la recolección de datos se realizó de manera virtual. Resultados: Los resultados muestran que ciudadanos de 18 a 29 años tienen actitudes inadecuas (12.4%), con prácticas preventivas inadecuadas (8.6%) y también que ser de sexo masculino constituye un riesgo para tener actitud y practica inadecuada. También existen ciudadanos que son solteros o convivientes, no tienen hijos y tienen actitudes inadecuadas (14.1%) y prácticas inadecuadas (13%). Conclusiónes: De los factores biológicos la edad y el sexo se asocian a las actitudes y prácticas preventivas frente a la pandemia, de los sociales, el estado civil y la tenencia de hijos se asocian a las actitudes y prácticas preventivas frente a la pandemia, y del cultural el tener conocimiento de la enfermedad y de las acciones a tomar se asocia con las prácticas preventivas frente a la pandemia del COVID-19.
 
Publisher Universidad de Córdoba
 
Date 2020-11-18
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
application/pdf
 
Identifier https://revistamvz.unicordoba.edu.co/article/view/e2052
10.21897/rmvz.2052
 
Source Journal MVZ Cordoba; Vol 25 No 3 (2020): Revista MVZ Córdoba Volumen 25(3) Septiembre-Diciembre 2020; e2052
Revista MVZ Córdoba; Vol. 25 Núm. 3 (2020): Revista MVZ Córdoba Volumen 25(3) Septiembre-Diciembre 2020; e2052
1909-0544
10.21897/rmvz.v25.n3.2020
 
Language spa
eng
 
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https://revistamvz.unicordoba.edu.co/article/view/e2052/2739
https://revistamvz.unicordoba.edu.co/article/view/e2052/2740
 
Rights Derechos de autor 2020 Irma Luz Yupari-Azabache, Jorge Díaz-Ortega, Dr., Angela Rodríguez-Diaz, Ms., Ana Peralta-Iparraguirre, Dr.
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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