Effect of restricted suckling and feed complementation on weight and cortisol in Simbrah calves

Revista MVZ Córdoba

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Title Effect of restricted suckling and feed complementation on weight and cortisol in Simbrah calves
Efecto del amamantamiento restringido y complementación alimenticia sobre el peso y cortisol en becerros Simbrah
Creator Severino-Lendechy, Víctor H.
Montiel-Palacios, Felipe
Gómez-de-Lucio, Hiram
Peralta-Torres, Jorge A.
Segura Correa, José ´Candelario
Description Objective. Determine the effect of restricted suckling, early weaning and feed supplementation on weight gains and plasma cortisol concentration of Simbrah calves. Materials and methods. One hundred and twenty 15-day-old lactating calves were distributed in two treatments: T1) calves with restricted suckling, early weaning and feed supplementation (n=30 males/n=30 females); and T2) calves with continuous suckling without feed supplementation (n=30 males/n=30 females). Calves were weighed at the beginning of the experiment, and every 15 days to assess changes in body weight from weaning unto 0 months of age. Blood sampling was carried out at the start of study and for 10 days between 7:30 and 8:30 am. Response variables were evaluated using general linear models. Results. The weight (310.1 and 268.5 kg) and post-weaning weight gain (0.980 kg/day and 0.800 kg/day) was better in the T1 treatment than, for calves in T2 (168.3 and 159.6 kg/day; and -0.500 and -0.480 kg/day) for males and females, respectively. The cortisol concentration (ng/mL) was higher in T1 compared to T2 from day 0 to day 3 (p<0.05), but on day 4 no difference was found. T1 allowed weaning at 3.5 months of calf life and increased post-weaning weight gain. Conclusions. Live weight and post-weaning weight gain were better in T1 treatment animals; however, plasma cortisol levels were increased at the star of the study to subsequently decrease.
Objetivo. Determinar el efecto del amamantamiento restringido, destete precoz y complementación alimenticia sobre las ganancias de peso y concentración plasmática de cortisol en becerros Simbrah. Materiales y métodos. Se utilizaron 120 becerros lactantes de 15 días de edad, distribuidos en dos tratamientos: T1) becerros con amamantamiento restringido, destete precoz y complementación alimenticia (n=30 machos/n=30 hembras) y T2) becerros con amamantamiento continuo sin complementación alimenticia (n=30 machos/n=30 hembras). Los becerros se pesaron al inicio del experimento, y cada 15 días para evaluar los cambios en peso corporal del destete hasta los 10 meses de edad. Los muestreos sanguíneos se realizaron al inicio del estudio y durante 10 días, entre las 7:30 y 8:30 am. Las variables de respuesta se evaluaron usando modelos lineales generales. Resultados. El peso (310.1 y 268.5 kg) y ganancia de peso postdestete (0.980 kg/día y 0.800 kg/día) fue mejor en el tratamiento T1 que, para los becerros en T2 (168.3 y 159.6 kg/día; y -0.500 y -0.480 kg/día) para machos y hembras, respectivamente. La concentración de cortisol (ng/mL) fue mayor en T1 comparado con T2 del día 0 al día 3 (p<0.05), pero el día 4 no se encontró diferencia. El T1 permitió el destete a los 3.5 meses de vida de los becerros e incrementó la ganancia de peso posdestete. Conclusiones. El peso vivo y ganancia de peso posdestete fue mejor en los animales del tratamiento T1; sin embargo, los niveles de cortisol plasmáticos se incrementaron al inicio del estudio para disminuir posteriormente.
Publisher Universidad de Córdoba
Date 2020-11-20
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Format application/pdf
Identifier https://revistamvz.unicordoba.edu.co/article/view/e1958
Source Journal MVZ Cordoba; Vol 26 No 1 (2021): Journal MVZ Cordoba; 26(1) January-April 2021; e1958
Revista MVZ Córdoba; Vol. 26 Núm. 1 (2021): Revista MVZ Córdoba; 26(1) Enero-abril 2021; e1958
Language spa
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Rights Derechos de autor 2020 Víctor H. Severino-Lendechy, Felipe Montiel-Palacios, Hiram Gómez-de-Lucio, Jorge A. Peralta-Torres, José ´Candelario Segura Correa

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