Risk factors for arterial hypertension in the adult population of the Manglaralto community, Ecuador, year 2018: Investigation article

Revista Científica Arbitrada en Investigaciones de la Salud GESTAR

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Title Risk factors for arterial hypertension in the adult population of the Manglaralto community, Ecuador, year 2018: Investigation article
Factores de riesgo para la hipertensión arterial en la población adulta de la comunidad Manglaralto, Ecuador, año 2018: Artículo de investigación
 
Creator Hidalgo-Parra, Erick Antonio
 
Subject hipertensión
morbilidad
población
factor de riesgo
asociación
hypertension
morbidity
population
risk factor
association
 
Description The hypertension is considered a global health problem, being the cause of morbidity and mortality in the adult population, it is also the most common modifiable risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, an observational, prospective, cross-sectional and analytical study was carried out; which included all hypertensive patients who made up the case group and the same number of adults from the same population that made up the control group. Previously, it was requested to sign the informed consent to all those who participated in the investigation; a survey was applied to both groups in consultation and / or domicile. The age of predominance in the population studied was between 50 and 59 years, with 20.7%; prevailing male sex with 60.7%. In addition, a value of p = 0.00 was obtained in the family pathological history, stress and excessive consumption of salt; and value of p = 0.01 and p = 0.03 in the consumption of saturated fats and physical inactivity respectively. A significant association was found between arterial hypertension and the following risk factors: family history, stress, excessive consumption of salt, consumption of saturated fats and sedentary lifestyle.
Keywords: hypertension, morbidity, population, risk factor, association.
La hipertensión arterial es considerada un problema de salud a nivel mundial, siendo la causa de morbilidad y mortalidad en la población adulta, además es el factor de riesgo modificable más común para el desarrollo de enfermedades cardiovasculares. Por ende, se realizó un estudio observacional, prospectivo, transversal y analítico; en el cual se incluyeron a todos los pacientes hipertensos que conformaron el grupo de casos e igual número de adultos de la misma población que formaron el grupo de los controles. Previamente se solicitó firmar el consentimiento informado a todos los participantes de la investigación; se aplicó en consulta y/o domicilio una encuesta a ambos grupos. Se determinó que la edad de predominio en la población estudiada fue la comprendida entre 50 a 59 años, con el 20,7%; prevaleciendo el sexo masculino con el 60,7%. Además, se obtuvo valor de p=0,00 en el antecedente patológico familiar, el estrés y el consumo excesivo de sal; y valor de p=0,01 y p=0,03 en el consumo de grasas saturadas y la inactividad física, respectivamente. Se encontró asociación significativa entre la hipertensión arterial y los siguientes factores de riesgo: antecedente patológico familiar, estrés, consumo excesivo de sal, consumo de grasas saturadas y el sedentarismo.
Palabras clave: hipertensión, morbilidad, población, factor de riesgo, asociación
Abstract
The hypertension is considered a global health problem, being the cause of morbidity and mortality in the adult population, it is also the most common modifiable risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, an observational, prospective, cross-sectional and analytical study was carried out; which included all hypertensive patients who made up the case group and the same number of adults from the same population that made up the control group. Previously, it was requested to sign the informed consent to all those who participated in the investigation; a survey was applied to both groups in consultation and / or domicile. The age of predominance in the population studied was between 50 and 59 years, with 20.7%; prevailing male sex with 60.7%. In addition, a value of p = 0.00 was obtained in the family pathological history, stress and excessive consumption of salt; and value of p = 0.01 and p = 0.03 in the consumption of saturated fats and physical inactivity respectively. A significant association was found between arterial hypertension and the following risk factors: family history, stress, excessive consumption of salt, consumption of saturated fats and sedentary lifestyle.
Keywords: hypertension, morbidity, population, risk factor, association.
Información del manuscrito:Fecha de recepción: 18 de diciembre de 2018Fecha de aceptación: 09 de enero de 2019Fecha de publicación: 10 de enero de 2019
 
Publisher IBKNORGCORP S.A.
 
Date 2019-01-10
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
 
Format application/pdf
text/html
 
Identifier https://journalgestar.org/index.php/gestar/article/view/15
10.46296/gt.v2i3.0007
 
Source GESTAR Arbitrated Scientific Journal in Health Research. ISSN: 2737-6273.; Vol. 2 No. 3 (2019): GESTAR Arbitrated Scientific Journal in Health Research; 23-36
Revista Científica Arbitrada en Investigaciones de la Salud GESTAR. ISSN: 2737-6273.; Vol. 2 Núm. 3 (2019): Revista Científica Arbitrada en Investigaciones de la Salud GESTAR; 23-36
2737-6273
 
Language spa
 
Relation https://journalgestar.org/index.php/gestar/article/view/15/24
https://journalgestar.org/index.php/gestar/article/view/15/25
 
Rights Derechos de autor 2019 Revista Científica Arbitrada en Investigaciones de la Salud GESTAR
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0
 

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