Inventions of Caliban: Culture, Humanism, and Posoccidentalismo in Roberto Fernández Retamar

Catedral Tomada. Revista de crítica literaria latinoamericana

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Title Inventions of Caliban: Culture, Humanism, and Posoccidentalismo in Roberto Fernández Retamar
Invenciones de Caliban: cultura, humanismo y posoccidentalismo en Roberto Fernández Retamar
 
Creator Aguirre Aguirre, Carlos
 
Subject literary criticism; cultural studies, latinoamerican studies
Caliban, humanism; différance; posoccidentalismo; culture
estudios poscoloniales; estudios latinoamericanos; filosofía de la cultura
Caliban; humanismo; différance; posoccidentalismo; cultura
 
Description The goal of this research is to analyze the different critical dimensions of the writing of Roberto Fernández Retamar. We are guided by the hypothesis that in the anti-colonial texts of the Cuban poet, one intuits a heterogeneous and non-essentialist reading of the Latin-American culture, which is embedded with the elaboration of a metaphoric concept of Caliban, able to disorganize the cultural dichotomies of the colonial modernity. In the first part, we verified how the particularity of “Caliban” consists in his capacity of resisting any cultural derivation and unilateral writing, being related with what Jacques Derrida defines as différence. Secondly, we reflect on the humanism developed by Fernández Retamar with the well-known trope: the anticolonial humanism conceived from a relationship of aggressiveness between the “own” and the “other”. Finally, we analyzed the impact of the notion “posoccidentalismo” suggested by the Cuban in his criticism of the Latin-American post colonialism. We agree with Caliban; a symbol is not an authority of the absolute. On the contrary, it is a tool that wants to undo scriptural and epistemic modes offered by the western culture, and that takes form, within the work of Fernández Retamar, in an anticolonial and post western humanism, which is still budding.
Este trabajo analiza diferentes dimensiones críticas de la escritura de Roberto Fernández Retamar. La hipótesis que nos guía es que en los textos anticoloniales del poeta cubano se intuye una lectura heterogénea y no esencialista de la cultura latinoamericana, la cual se imbrica con una elaboración del concepto-metáfora de Caliban capaz de desorganizar las dicotomías culturales de la modernidad colonial. En la primera parte constatamos cómo la particularidad de su “Caliban” consiste en su capacidad de resistir a cualquier derivación cultural y escritural unilineal, logrando discurrir en sintonía con lo que Jacques Derrida define como la différance. Después reflexionamos sobre el humanismo tejido por Fernández Retamar con el mentado tropo: un humanismo anticolonial ideado desde una relación de agresividad entre lo “propio” y lo “ajeno”. Finalmente analizamos el impacto de la noción de “posoccidentalismo” propuesta por el cubano en los principales resortes críticos del poscolonialismo latinoamericano. Concluimos cómo Caliban, en tanto símbolo, no es una autoridad de lo absoluto. Por el contrario, es una herramienta que busca deshacer los modos escriturales y epistemológicos ofrecidos por la cultura occidental, y que toma forma, dentro de la obra de Fernández Retamar, en un humanismo anticolonial y posoccidental aún en ciernes.
 
Publisher University Library System, University of Pittsburgh
 
Contributor

 
Date 2020-08-07
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


 
Format application/pdf
 
Identifier http://catedraltomada.pitt.edu/ojs/index.php/catedraltomada/article/view/424
10.5195/ct/2020.424
 
Source Catedral Tomada. Revista de crítica literaria latinoamericana; Vol 8, No 14 (2020): Miscellaneous; 1-26
Catedral Tomada. Revista de Crítica Literaria Latinoamericana; Vol 8, No 14 (2020): Miscellaneous; 1-26
2169-0847
 
Language spa
 
Relation http://catedraltomada.pitt.edu/ojs/index.php/catedraltomada/article/view/424/423
 
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Carlos Aguirre Aguirre
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
 

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