Wax Apple (Syzygium samarangense (Blume) Merr. & L.M. Perry): A Comprehensive Review in Phytochemical and Physiological Perspectives

Al-Hayat: Journal of Biology and Applied Biology

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Field Value
Title Wax Apple (Syzygium samarangense (Blume) Merr. & L.M. Perry): A Comprehensive Review in Phytochemical and Physiological Perspectives
Creator Mukaromah, Arnia Sari
Subject Wax apple, Metabolite, Biological activities, Fruit quality enhancement
Penelitian Observasi Lapangan
Description Wax apple (Syzygium samarangense (Blume) Merr. & L.M. Perry) is a tropical non-climacteric fruit and belongs to Myrtaceae. It has high diversity in cultivars, metabolite content, and its biological activities. In this comprehensive review, research findings had revealed that various metabolites found in the wax apple have biological activities. The said biological activities such as: antioxidant, immunomodulatory, antibacterial, anticancer, anti-glycation, anti-inflammation, anti-hypertriglyceridemic, anti-hyperglycemic, relaxant, and spasmolytic activities. Other potential use for the metabolites also includes the treatments for neurodegenerative abnormality, analgesic, and central nervous system (CNS) depression agent. Furthermore, wax apple physiological and phytochemical characteristics can be enhanced by girdling technique, hydrogen peroxide treatment, plant growth regulators treatment, and fruit bagging treatment. Meanwhile, postharvest technology of wax apple fruit utilizes nitric oxide treatment, oxalic acid treatment, cold treatment, and Aloe vera gel coating. Wax apple has also been evolved as an ointment, anti-acne cream, and nata de guava. However, environmental stress becomes a challenge in the wax apple plantation. Therefore, the development of molecular biology, chemistry, and postharvest technology will solve those challenges. This review concludes that wax apple (S. samarangense) is a tropical fruit that promises to support the nutritional values and human health.
Publisher Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, UIN Walisongo Semarang
Date 2020-05-22
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Peer-reviewed Article
Penelitian Observasi Lapangan
Format application/pdf
Identifier https://journal.walisongo.ac.id/index.php/hayat/article/view/6070
Source Al-Hayat: Journal of Biology and Applied Biology; Vol 3, No 1 (2020); 40-58
Language eng
Relation https://journal.walisongo.ac.id/index.php/hayat/article/view/6070/2744
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Al-Hayat: Journal of Biology and Applied Biology

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